Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Targeted Antibiotics Lead To Prolonged Improvement In Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms

Date:
October 30, 2006
Source:
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Summary:
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center have found that a nonabsorbable antibiotic -- one that stays in the gut -- can be an effective long-term treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a disease affecting more than 20 percent of Americans.

Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center have found that a nonabsorbable antibiotic -- one that stays in the gut -- can be an effective long-term treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a disease affecting more than 20 percent of Americans.

The study, which appears in the October 17 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, is the first to demonstrate benefits from antibiotic use even after the course of treatment has ended, supporting previously published research that identified small intestine bacterial overgrowth as a cause of the disease.

The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study involved 87 participants, all of whom met specific multinational guidelines for diagnosis of IBS. They received 400 mg of the antibiotic rifaximin three times a day for 10 days or a placebo. Participants completed an extensive symptom questionnaire at the start of the study and then weekly for 10 weeks following treatment. The questionnaire measured the severity of nine symptoms (abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, bloating, urgency, incomplete evacuation, mucus, sense of incomplete evacuation, and gas). Patients were also asked to provide a percent global improvement from 0 to 100 percent in their overall IBS symptoms.

Researchers found that the rifaximin not only led to significant improvement in global IBS symptoms during the 10 days it was administered, but also that the benefit continued for the 10 weeks of follow up when no antibiotic was given, showing sustained benefit.

"The fact that the benefit of the targeted antibiotic continued even after it was stopped provides evidence that the antibiotic was acting on a source of the problem: excess bacteria in the gut," said Mark Pimentel, M.D., director of the GI Motility Program at Cedars-Sinai and the study's principal investigator. "This finding offers a new treatment approach -- and a new hope -- for people with IBS."

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is one of the top 10 most frequently diagnosed conditions by U.S. physicians. It is an intestinal disorder that causes abdominal pain, cramping, bloating and diarrhea and/or constipation and is a long-term condition that usually begins in early adult life. Episodes may be mild or severe and may be exacerbated by stress. IBS is more common in women than in men.

"While this study being released today demonstrates that the non-absorbed antibiotic rifaximin has great promise in the clinical improvement of IBS, more research is needed," said Pimentel. "Next steps include multi-center studies to further assess short- and long-term benefits of this drug. Tests comparing rifaximin to other types of antibiotics that have been used to treat the disease should also be conducted."

Because the cause of IBS has been elusive, treatments for the disease have historically focused on reducing its symptoms -- diarrhea and constipation -- by giving medications that either slow or speed up the digestive process. In The American Journal of Gastroenterology (Dec. 2000), Pimentel linked bloating, the most common symptom of IBS, to bacterial fermentation by giving lactulose breath tests to participants. The test, which monitors the level of hydrogen and methane (the gases emitted by fermented bacteria) on the breath, showed evidence that small intestine bacteria overgrowth may be a causative factor in IBS.

Participants in the current Annals study also took the breath tests, which showed similarly increased levels of hydrogen and methane.

Rifaximin, an antibiotic that is FDA-approved for travelers' diarrhea in this country, is made by Salix Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Funding for the study was also provided by Salix. The discovery related to the use of rifaximin for IBS was made at Cedars-Sinai by Pimentel. Cedars-Sinai holds patent rights to this discovery and has licensed rights to the invention to Salix.

Other authors from Cedars-Sinai include Sandy Park, James Mirocha, and Yuthana Kong. Sunanda V. Kane from the University of Chicago also participated in the study.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. "Targeted Antibiotics Lead To Prolonged Improvement In Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 October 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061017084835.htm>.
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. (2006, October 30). Targeted Antibiotics Lead To Prolonged Improvement In Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 29, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061017084835.htm
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. "Targeted Antibiotics Lead To Prolonged Improvement In Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061017084835.htm (accessed July 29, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

AP (July 28, 2014) West African nations and international health organizations are working to contain the largest Ebola outbreak in history. It's one of the deadliest diseases known to man, but the CDC says it's unlikely to spread in the U.S. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

AP (July 28, 2014) A bipartisan deal to improve veterans health care would authorize at least $15 billion in emergency spending to fix a veterans program scandalized by long patient wait times and falsified records. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Reuters - US Online Video (July 28, 2014) Two American aid workers in Liberia test positive for Ebola while working to combat the deadliest outbreak of the virus ever. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

AP (July 28, 2014) Classes are being offered nationwide to encourage African Americans to learn about cooking fresh foods based on traditional African cuisine. The program is trying to combat obesity, heart disease and other ailments often linked to diet. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins