Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Autism May Not Be The Only Childhood Psychiatric Disorder On The Rise

Date:
February 6, 2007
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
The incidence of three childhood neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism, increased among Danish children between 1990 and 2004, according to a report in the February issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The findings suggest that recent upward trends in reported autism diagnoses may be part of a broader pattern in childhood mental illness.

The incidence of three childhood neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism, increased among Danish children between 1990 and 2004, according to a report in the February issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The findings suggest that recent upward trends in reported autism diagnoses may be part of a broader pattern in childhood mental illness.

Autism is characterized by social and language abnormalities and repetitive patterns of behavior, according to background information in the article. "A public health debate surrounding the prevalence of autism has become a prominent feature in both the public and professional autism literature in the United States and abroad," the authors write. "The debate is fueled by numerous studies reporting marked increases in recent years in the prevalence of autism or its proxy measure, the prevalence of individuals receiving autism services."

Hj๖rdํs ำsk Atlad๓ttir, M.B., University of Aarhus, Denmark, and colleagues examined trends in four childhood neuropsychiatric disorders among all 669,995 children born in Denmark between 1990 and 1999. The conditions were autism spectrum disorder, which comprises autism and milder developmental disorders; hyperkinetic disorder, marked by hyperactivity and a tendency to move from one activity to the next without completing any one; Tourette syndrome, characterized by uncontrollable vocal or motor behaviors known as tics; and obsessive-compulsive disorder, in which an individual experiences recurrent obsessive thoughts or performs compulsive acts. Denmark provides free, universal health care coverage, and all psychiatric diagnoses treatments are recorded in a national registry.

Through 2004, a total of 4,376 children were given 4,637 diagnoses for these disorders. The incidence of hyperkinetic disorder, Tourette syndrome and autism spectrum disorders all increased significantly over time, while obsessive-compulsive disorder did not. "It is difficult to explain why obsessive-compulsive disorder was the only disorder displaying another pattern; the reason may be etiologic, due to nonetiologic diagnostic differences or due to the relatively short follow-up," the authors write.

"Although the reasons for the observed common pattern of change in reported cumulative incidence in Tourette syndrome, hyperkinetic disorder and autism spectrum disorder cannot be address with these data, it is clear that the number of children with neuropsychiatric disorders and their families in need of support and services has been growing in recent years," the authors conclude. "Furthermore, while the search for causes should proceed unabated, the ultimate value of these data are their contribution to the growing awareness of child neurodevelopment problems in general and understanding of the resources needed to ensure optimal development for all children."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Autism May Not Be The Only Childhood Psychiatric Disorder On The Rise." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 February 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/02/070206095722.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2007, February 6). Autism May Not Be The Only Childhood Psychiatric Disorder On The Rise. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/02/070206095722.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Autism May Not Be The Only Childhood Psychiatric Disorder On The Rise." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/02/070206095722.htm (accessed August 2, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Saturday, August 2, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Work Can Be Stressful, But Is Unemployment Worse?

Work Can Be Stressful, But Is Unemployment Worse?

Newsy (Aug. 1, 2014) — A new study shows stress at work can be hard on your health, but people who are unemployed might be at even greater risk of health problems. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Google (Kind Of) Complies With 'Right To Be Forgotten Law'

Google (Kind Of) Complies With 'Right To Be Forgotten Law'

Newsy (July 31, 2014) — Google says it is following Europe's new "Right To Be Forgotten Law," which eliminates user information upon request, but only to a certain degree. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Stroke Signs: Three Hour Deadline

Stroke Signs: Three Hour Deadline

Ivanhoe (July 31, 2014) — Sometimes the signs of a stroke are far from easy to recognize. Learn from one young father’s story on the signs of a stroke. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Grain Brain May Be Harming Us

Grain Brain May Be Harming Us

Ivanhoe (July 31, 2014) — Could eating carbohydrates be harmful to our brain health? Find out what one neurologist says about changing our diets. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins