Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Where Do Most Canadians With Alcohol And Drug Problems Live? Not Where You Think

Date:
August 23, 2007
Source:
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Summary:
With a Canada-wide prevalence of substance use problems estimated at 11 percent, a new study found that Ontario and Quebec had markedly lower concentrations of people with alcohol and drug problems. The study also showed that prevalence is higher in mid-sized cities than in larger ones or in rural areas.

If you think the big cities of Toronto and Montreal have the highest rate of alcohol and drug use problems, think again. A new study entitled "Geographical Variation in the Prevalence of Problematic Substance Use in Canada" authored by three researchers from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) discovered that Ontario and Quebec had markedly lower concentrations of people with alcohol and drug problems.

With a Canada-wide prevalence of substance use problems estimated at 11%, the study found that estimates were particularly low in the urban corridor between Toronto and Montreal. This low level of alcohol and drug use problems contrasts with higher rates in both the eastern and western provinces of Canada. Nova Scotia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia were all significantly higher than the national average.

Prevalence is higher in mid-sized cities than in larger ones or in rural areas. Although age, sex, employment, and physical health are all strongly associated with substance use problems, these factors did not explain the regional differences.

The CAMH researchers discuss a number of explanations for their findings. "Major cities include large numbers of immigrants, among whom drug and alcohol problems are less common. People who decide to come to Canada, and are accepted, tend to be healthy and high-functioning, and some immigrant cultures also reject alcohol and drug use," said Scott Veldhuizen, Research Analyst at CAMH.

Other possible factors discussed include migration within Canada, differences in the availability of alcohol or illicit drugs, the accessibility of treatment, the local culture, and local policies. While pointing to the role of social context in the development or remission of problem substance use, the authors also cite existing work on the potential effect of living at higher latitudes on the development of drug and alcohol problems.

"The pattern of large-scale differences is probably part of a larger disparity among regions in Canada. Research has already shown that levels of crime and other social problems are somewhat higher in western Canada, and this may be part of the same pattern. A role for latitude is possible -- there is already some evidence of a link with depression, which often occurs with substance use problems -- but this is an area where more work needs to be done," Veldhuizen commented.

As well as pointing out some clear directions for future research, the study also concludes the need for policy that is flexible and locally relevant.

The study's co-authors are CAMH Dr. John Cairney, Research Scientist and Project Scientist Karen Urbanoski.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. "Where Do Most Canadians With Alcohol And Drug Problems Live? Not Where You Think." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 August 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070821081340.htm>.
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. (2007, August 23). Where Do Most Canadians With Alcohol And Drug Problems Live? Not Where You Think. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070821081340.htm
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. "Where Do Most Canadians With Alcohol And Drug Problems Live? Not Where You Think." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070821081340.htm (accessed October 1, 2014).

Share This



More Mind & Brain News

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Pregnancy Spacing Could Have Big Impact On Autism Risks

Pregnancy Spacing Could Have Big Impact On Autism Risks

Newsy (Oct. 1, 2014) A new study says children born less than one year and more than five years after a sibling can have an increased risk for autism. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Stopping School Violence

Stopping School Violence

Ivanhoe (Oct. 1, 2014) A trauma doctor steps out of the hospital and into the classroom to teach kids how to calmly solve conflicts, avoiding a trip to the ER. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Pineal Cysts: Debilitating Pain

Pineal Cysts: Debilitating Pain

Ivanhoe (Oct. 1, 2014) A tiny cyst in the brain that can cause debilitating symptoms like chronic headaches and insomnia, and the doctor who performs the delicate surgery to remove them. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Burning Away Brain Tumors

Burning Away Brain Tumors

Ivanhoe (Oct. 1, 2014) Doctors are 'cooking' brain tumors. Hear how this new laser-heat procedure cuts down on recovery time. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins