Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Abstinence-plus Programs For HIV Prevention Can Reduce Risk Behavior

Date:
January 25, 2008
Source:
Wiley-Blackwell
Summary:
Programs that aim to encourage sexual abstinence while also encouraging and teaching safer sex strategies for those who are sexually active can reduce short- and long-term HIV risk behavior among young people in high-income countries, according to new findings.

Programmes that aim to encourage sexual abstinence while also encouraging and teaching safer sex strategies for those who are sexually active can reduce short- and long-term HIV risk behaviour among young people in high-income countries, according to the findings of a new Cochrane Review.

HIV and AIDS are huge threats to human health. Each day in 2005 around 7,600 people died from HIV-related causes and a further 38.6 million people were living with the disease. Two million of these were living in the high-income countries of North America and Western and Central Europe. Estimates suggest that that year 4.1 million people contracted the virus. Estimates also suggest that 70% of HIV-infected people stay sexually active, with a substantial proportion continuing to participate in unprotected sex. On top of this there is a rising prevalence of other sexually transmitted infections including chlamydia and gonorrhoea in many high-income countries around the world.

Abstinence-plus programmes start from the premise that sexual abstinence is the best way to prevent infection, but recognises that some people will continue to be sexually active and therefore also helps to enable safe and effective use of condoms. In addition to teaching condom skills, abstinence-plus programmes commonly teach about safer sex negotiation, communication with partners, and transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

Cochrane Researchers therefore looked for evidence that specifically identified the effectiveness of abstinence-plus programmes in high-income countries.

They found 39 studies involving over 37,000 North American young people. In 23 studies there was a significant increase in protective behaviour. None of the studies reported any adverse effects; contrary to criticisms against abstinence-plus programmes, participants did not become more sexually active after completing the interventions. Owing in part to limitations in measurement, the results were unable to show evidence that abstinence-plus programmes affected self-reported rates of sexually transmitted infections, or self-reported pregnancy incidence.

"In a previous Cochrane Review we concluded that abstinence-only programs have no effect in high-income countries, which makes the finding that abstinence-plus programs can influence behaviour even more striking," says lead researcher Dr Don Operario who works at the Department of Social Policy and Social Work at the University of Oxford, UK. "This is an opportunity for the HIV prevention and public health communities to harness the potential benefits of comprehensive sexual health education such as abstinence-plus programmes."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Wiley-Blackwell. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Wiley-Blackwell. "Abstinence-plus Programs For HIV Prevention Can Reduce Risk Behavior." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 January 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080122203227.htm>.
Wiley-Blackwell. (2008, January 25). Abstinence-plus Programs For HIV Prevention Can Reduce Risk Behavior. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080122203227.htm
Wiley-Blackwell. "Abstinence-plus Programs For HIV Prevention Can Reduce Risk Behavior." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080122203227.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Monday, October 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

How Nigeria Beat Its Ebola Outbreak

How Nigeria Beat Its Ebola Outbreak

Newsy (Oct. 20, 2014) The World Health Organization has declared Nigeria free of Ebola. Health experts credit a bit of luck and the government's initial response. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Another Study Suggests Viagra Is Good For The Heart

Another Study Suggests Viagra Is Good For The Heart

Newsy (Oct. 20, 2014) An ingredient in erectile-dysfunction medications such as Viagra could improve heart function. Perhaps not surprising, given Viagra's history. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Worries End for Dozens on U.S. Watch Lists

Ebola Worries End for Dozens on U.S. Watch Lists

Reuters - US Online Video (Oct. 20, 2014) Forty-three people who had contact with Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person diagnosed with Ebola in the U.S., were cleared overnight of twice-daily monitoring after 21 days of showing no symptoms. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Fauci: Ebola Protocols to Focus on Training

Fauci: Ebola Protocols to Focus on Training

AP (Oct. 20, 2014) Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, says he expects revised CDC protocols on Ebola to focus on training, observation and ensuring health care workers are more protected. (Oct. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins