Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Croatian Children Have Higher Weapons-related Death Rate During And After Homeland War

Date:
February 7, 2008
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
The Homeland War in Croatia, which occurred from 1991 to 1995, led to an increase in weapon-related deaths of children during and five years after the end of the war, according to a new report.

The Homeland War in Croatia, which occurred from 1991 to 1995, led to an increase in weapon-related deaths of children during and five years after the end of the war, according to a new report.

"After World War II until the beginning of the Homeland War in 1991, most children in Croatia were not exposed to firearms and explosives in their homes or communities," the authors write as background information in the article. "Unlike many countries, personal weapon ownership was not a custom in Croatia." This changed as the Homeland War--also called the Third Balkan War--moved into Croatian land. Citizens began purchasing grenades, firearms and other weapons on the black market or taking them from military barracks after the Yugoslav army left Croatia. The population remained overly militarized in the wake of the war; in 2007, 371,684 weapons were legally owned by Croatians.

Aida Mujkic, M.D., of the University of Iowa, Iowa City, and colleagues studied Croatian children from birth through age 19 who died of weapon-related injuries between 1986 and 2005. Statistics were obtained from Croatia's national vital statistics system and included traumatic injury deaths classified by intent, including homicide, suicide and unintentional categories.

Compared with the period before the war, rates of homicide and suicide with weapons more than tripled during the war--from .22 to .73 homicides and .51 to 1.64 suicides per 100,000 children. Unintentional weapon-related deaths also increased by more than six-fold, from .25 to 1.63 per 100,000 children.

"These increases persisted for five years following the end of the war and decreased more than five years after the war," the authors write. Weapons-related deaths in the early postwar period--1996 to 2000--remained more than twice as high as before the war, and the weapon-related suicide rate remained more than three times that of the pre-war period. Homicide and unintentional injury deaths decreased significantly in the late post-war period, 2001 to 2005, and suicide rates were the same as in the pre-war period. The number of children who died from causes other than weapons did not change over the course of the study.

"Programs that focus on the prevention of weapon-related injuries should be integrated into programs that assist countries in rebuilding after political unrest," the authors conclude. "The combination of psychological effects of war on children with an increased presence of weapons may present a particularly important area for prevention."

Journal reference: Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;162[2]:140-144.

This study was supported by an NIH grant from the University of Iowa/Fogarty International Traumatic Injury Training Program.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Croatian Children Have Higher Weapons-related Death Rate During And After Homeland War." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 February 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080204161422.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2008, February 7). Croatian Children Have Higher Weapons-related Death Rate During And After Homeland War. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080204161422.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Croatian Children Have Higher Weapons-related Death Rate During And After Homeland War." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080204161422.htm (accessed September 22, 2014).

Share This



More Matter & Energy News

Monday, September 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Thousands March in NYC Over Climate Change

Thousands March in NYC Over Climate Change

AP (Sep. 21, 2014) — Accompanied by drumbeats, wearing costumes and carrying signs, thousands of demonstrators filled the streets of Manhattan and other cities around the world on Sunday to urge policy makers to take action on climate change. (Sept. 21) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
What This MIT Sensor Could Mean For The Future Of Robotics

What This MIT Sensor Could Mean For The Future Of Robotics

Newsy (Sep. 20, 2014) — MIT researchers developed a light-based sensor that gives robots 100 times the sensitivity of a human finger, allowing for "unprecedented dexterity." Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
MIT BioSuit A New Take On Traditional Spacesuits

MIT BioSuit A New Take On Traditional Spacesuits

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) — The MIT BioSuit could be an alternative to big, bulky traditional spacesuits, but the concept needs some work. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Music With Recycled Instruments at Colombia Fest

New Music With Recycled Instruments at Colombia Fest

AFP (Sep. 19, 2014) — Jars, bottles, caps and even a pizza box, recovered from the trash, were the elements used by four musical groups at the "RSFEST2014 Sonorities Recycling Festival", in Colombian city of Cali. Duration: 00:49 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins