Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

What Might Declining Night Vision Mean for AMD Patients?

Date:
November 3, 2008
Source:
American Academy of Ophthalmology
Summary:
The Complications of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial (CAPT) Research Group assessed night vision in a cohort of 1,052 CAPT patients. The main purpose of CAPT, a National Eye Institute-sponsored multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted from 1999 to 2005, was to investigate whether low-intensity laser treatment could prevent vision loss in patients with early stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In advanced stages, AMD destroys the macula in the eye's retina, the area that normally provides the detailed, central vision we rely on for reading, driving and other daily tasks. The CAPT results did not show that the laser treatment prevented vision loss, but data from the CAPT cohort did identify a new way to predict AMD progression.

The Complications of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Prevention Trial (CAPT) Research Group assessed night vision in a cohort of 1,052 CAPT patients. The main purpose of CAPT, a National Eye Institute-sponsored multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted from 1999 to 2005, was to investigate whether low-intensity laser treatment could prevent vision loss in patients with early stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

In advanced stages, AMD destroys the macula in the eye's retina, the area that normally provides the detailed, central vision we rely on for reading, driving and other daily tasks. The CAPT results did not show that the laser treatment prevented vision loss, but data from the CAPT cohort did identify a new way to predict AMD progression.

Earlier studies had shown that loss of photoreceptor (light sensitive) cells, particularly "rod" cells involved in night vision, occurs before the disease progresses to advanced AMD in the retina, which indicated that assessing night vision might be a good way to track AMD progression. In the CAPT, patients with signs of early AMD, defined as 10 or more large deposits known as drusen on the retina and vision 20/40 or better, initially completed a 10-item night vision self-assessment questionnaire that rated difficulties with night driving and problems with vision deficits during low-light activities like reading or watching movies.

The patients were followed-up annually up to five or six years. Data analyses led by Gui-shuang Ying, PhD, showed that those who had the worst night vision at baseline were the most likely to develop geographic atrophy (GA), or choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and to experience reduced visual acuity. GA is also known as advanced "dry" AMD, and CNV as "wet" AMD.

Since the association of night vision symptoms and AMD progression is clear and the 10-item questionnaire is simple and inexpensive to administer, Dr. Ying concludes that this could be a useful way for ophthalmologists to identify patients at high risk and intervene early to prevent vision loss and the progression to advanced AMD.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Academy of Ophthalmology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Academy of Ophthalmology. "What Might Declining Night Vision Mean for AMD Patients?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 November 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/11/081103120919.htm>.
American Academy of Ophthalmology. (2008, November 3). What Might Declining Night Vision Mean for AMD Patients?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/11/081103120919.htm
American Academy of Ophthalmology. "What Might Declining Night Vision Mean for AMD Patients?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/11/081103120919.htm (accessed April 19, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, April 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Newsy (Apr. 19, 2014) Nine-month-old Wyatt Scott was born with a rare disorder called congenital trismus, which prevents him from opening his mouth. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) In a potential breakthrough for future obesity treatments, scientists have used MRI scans to pinpoint brown fat in a living adult for the first time. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) A new report shows rates of two foodborne infections increased in the U.S. in recent years, while salmonella actually dropped 9 percent. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The breakthrough could mean a cure for some serious diseases and even the possibility of human cloning, but it's all still a way off. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins