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Vitamin B1 Could Reverse Early-stage Kidney Disease In Diabetes Patients

Date:
December 17, 2008
Source:
University of Warwick
Summary:
High doses of thiamine -- vitamin B1 -- can reverse the onset of early diabetic kidney disease, according to new research.

Researchers at the University of Warwick have discovered high doses of thiamine – vitamin B1 – can reverse the onset of early diabetic kidney disease.

Kidney disease, or diabetic nephropathy, develops progressively in patients with type 2 diabetes. Early development of kidney disease is assessed by a high excretion rate of the protein albumin from the body in the urine, known as microalbuminuria.

The research is led by Dr Naila Rabbani and Professor Paul J Thornalley at Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Punjab and Sheik Zaid Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

The team has discovered taking high oral doses of thiamine can dramatically decrease the excretion of albumin and reverse early stage kidney disease in type 2 diabetes patients.

In a paper published online in the journal Diabetologia, the team show 300 mg of thiamine taken orally each day for three months reduced the rate of albumin excretion in type 2 diabetes patients. The albumin excretion rate was decreased by 41% from the value at the start of the study. The results also showed 35% of patients with microalbuminuria saw a return to normal urinary albumin excretion after being treated with thiamine.

Forty patients with type 2 diabetes aged between 35 and 65 years old took part in the trial. They were randomly assigned a placebo or 3 x 100mg tablets of thiamine a day for three months.

The Warwick research group has already conclusively proven that type 2 diabetes patients have a thiamine deficiency. In an earlier study led by Professor Paul Thornalley at Warwick Medical School, the research team showed that thiamine deficiency could be key to a range of vascular problems for diabetes patients.

Dr Rabbani said: “This study once again highlights the importance of Vitamin B1 and we need to increase awareness. Professor Thornalley and I are planning a foundation at the University of Warwick to further education and research in thiamine deficiency.”


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Warwick. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Rabbani et al. High-dose thiamine therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria: a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study. Diabetologia, 2008; DOI: 10.1007/s00125-008-1224-4

Cite This Page:

University of Warwick. "Vitamin B1 Could Reverse Early-stage Kidney Disease In Diabetes Patients." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 December 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081208092149.htm>.
University of Warwick. (2008, December 17). Vitamin B1 Could Reverse Early-stage Kidney Disease In Diabetes Patients. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 16, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081208092149.htm
University of Warwick. "Vitamin B1 Could Reverse Early-stage Kidney Disease In Diabetes Patients." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081208092149.htm (accessed April 16, 2014).

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