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Research In Magnetic Semiconductors Leading to Advances in Computing

Date:
December 19, 2008
Source:
National Physical Laboratory
Summary:
The fast pace of growing computing power could be sustained for many years to come with new advances in magnetic semiconductors.
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The fast pace of growing computing power could be sustained for many years to come thanks to new research from the UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL) that is applying advanced techniques to magnetic semiconductors.

Moore's Law observed that the density of transistors on an integrated circuit doubles every two years. Components have shrunk over time to achieve this, but experts believed that when the characteristic transistor size reduces below ~ 20 nm, heating and quantum effects will become so severe that they will not be of practical use.

In a paper published in Nano Letters, researchers at NPL looked at solutions to this problem as part of a project dealing with magnetic phenomena at reduced dimensions.

In the paper NPL's scientists reported on their research on single crystalline Mn-doped Ge nanowires that display ferromagnetism above 300 K and a superior performance with respect to the hole mobility of around 340 cm2/Vs and other industrially relevant parameters, demonstrating the potential of using these nanowires as building blocks for electronic devices.

Senior Research Scientist at NPL Dr Olga Kazakova said: 'The solution lies in changing not only the material but also the structure of our transistors. We have worked mainly with germanium nanowires that we have made magnetic. Magnetic semiconductors don't exist in nature, so they have to be artificially engineered. Germanium is closely compatible with silicon, meaning it can easily be used with existing silicon electronics without further redesign. The resulting transistors based on NPL's germanium nanowire technology, which could revolutionise computing and electronic devices, could realistically be 10 years away."

The work is a result of close collaboration between scientists in Ireland (UCC and Trinity College), USA (Intel Corporation and Univ. of California) and the UK (NPL).


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by National Physical Laboratory. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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National Physical Laboratory. "Research In Magnetic Semiconductors Leading to Advances in Computing." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 December 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081209100836.htm>.
National Physical Laboratory. (2008, December 19). Research In Magnetic Semiconductors Leading to Advances in Computing. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081209100836.htm
National Physical Laboratory. "Research In Magnetic Semiconductors Leading to Advances in Computing." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081209100836.htm (accessed July 28, 2015).

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