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Speediest Sand Dunes Clocked From Space

Date:
January 7, 2009
Source:
American Geophysical Union
Summary:
Monitoring the speeds of migrating dunes and the volumes of sand transported over time is important to understanding how arid landscapes respond to wind-driven changes.

Monitoring the speeds of migrating dunes and the volumes of sand transported over time is important to understanding how arid landscapes respond to wind-driven changes.

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Traditionally, scientists have monitored such changes through detailed field surveys or long-term surveillance of stakes planted in dune fields. Vermeesch and Drake have developed a new and more convenient approach to monitoring the speed and sand flux of migrating dunes.

By using pairs of high-resolution optical satellite images taken at differing times, the authors monitored dune migration in the Bodélé depression of northern Chad over time intervals of 1 month to 6.5 years.

The displacement maps generated from each pair of satellite images were then used to automatically distinguish dunes from interdunes. By interpolating a surface between the interdune areas and subtracting it from the surface observed by the satellite images, the authors obtain dune heights and volumes over fine spatial and temporal scales.

From this, pixel-by-pixel estimates of sand flux were generated, allowing the authors to confirm that the Bodélé contains some of the world's fastest moving dunes.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Geophysical Union. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Pieter Vermeesch et al. Remotely sensed dune celerity and sand flux measurements of the world's fastest barchans (Bodélé, Chad). Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035921

Cite This Page:

American Geophysical Union. "Speediest Sand Dunes Clocked From Space." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 January 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090102101232.htm>.
American Geophysical Union. (2009, January 7). Speediest Sand Dunes Clocked From Space. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090102101232.htm
American Geophysical Union. "Speediest Sand Dunes Clocked From Space." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090102101232.htm (accessed March 28, 2015).

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