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Genetic Variant Predicts Poor Response To Bypass Surgery

Date:
January 28, 2009
Source:
Critical Care
Summary:
A variant of the gene for the inflammatory modulator interleukin (IL)-18 has been found to be associated with a prolonged ICU stay after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Research links the TT genotype of the IL-18 9545 T/G polymorphism with a larger pro-inflammatory response.

A variant of the gene for the inflammatory modulator interleukin (IL)-18 has been found to be associated with a prolonged ICU stay after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. New research links the TT genotype of the IL-18 9545 T/G polymorphism with a larger pro-inflammatory response.

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Professor Keith Walley worked with a team of researchers from the University of British Columbia, Canada, to investigate associations between the IL-18 haplotype and post-surgery inflammatory phenotype in 658 patients undergoing CPB. He said, "Inflammatory gene polymorphisms have been linked to the intensity of the post-operative inflammatory response and to clinical outcomes after CPB surgery. Here, we've found an IL-18 variant that is associated with increased IL-18 levels and adverse outcomes."

IL-18 is known to increase levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α, while reducing levels of the anti-inflammatory IL-10. The TT genotype of the IL-18 9545 T/G polymorphism is believed by the authors to cause an increase in expression of IL-18. Their research confirmed this mechanism and, according to Walley, "The resulting inflammatory response may account for the adverse clinical outcomes associated with the TT genotype post-surgery".

In the cohort studied, the TT genotype was carried by 58% of the subjects, 34% were GT and 8% were GG. Apart from a small difference in body mass index, there were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between the groups.

This research was funded by The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR).


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Critical Care. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. David M Shaw, Ainsley M Sutherland, James A Russell, Samuel V Lichtenstein and Keith R Walley. Novel polymorphism of interleukin-18 associated with greater inflammation after cardiac surgery. Critical Care, (in press)

Cite This Page:

Critical Care. "Genetic Variant Predicts Poor Response To Bypass Surgery." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 January 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090128192133.htm>.
Critical Care. (2009, January 28). Genetic Variant Predicts Poor Response To Bypass Surgery. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090128192133.htm
Critical Care. "Genetic Variant Predicts Poor Response To Bypass Surgery." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090128192133.htm (accessed October 30, 2014).

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