Human Biology News
September 1, 2015

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More Human Biology News
September 1, 2015

Study Identifies Potential Genes Associated With Most Common Form of Liver Damage

Sep. 1, 2015 — In a first-of-its-kind exploratory study, researchers identified a potential gene associated with the initiation of the most common cause of liver damage. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the most ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — From 1952, DNA was sequenced, modified and extensively studied, but no technique was able to produce clear direct images of DNA. Now, researchers have developed a new technique to produce a direct ... read more

HIV Particles Do Not Cause AIDS, Our Own Immune Cells Do

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus's direct effect on the host's immune cells, but rather through the cells' lethal influence on one another. In a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — RNA can be translated into protein or transformed into gene-regulating molecules. A newly discovered 'reader' protein recognizes a chemical instruction tag affixed to RNA, an important step ... read more

Circadian Genes Go to Sleep Every Day at the Periphery of the Nucleus

Aug. 27, 2015 — Mobility between different physical environments in the cell nucleus regulates the daily oscillations in the activity of genes that are controlled by the internal biological clock, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers show how DNA repair proteins sound the alarm to threats, pointing to a novel cancer ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A finding reveals why the transformation process of differentiated cells into stem cells results in significant damage to the DNA. Researchers have managed to rectify this damage using a simple ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — More than a cause of a simple infection, viruses are often involved in the development of serious diseases. Such is the case with liver cancer, which often develops in an organ that has been weakened ... read more

Trypanosomes and Renal Insufficiency: APOL1 Induces a Double Permeabilization

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists shed further light on the way human APOL1 kills the ... read more

New Strategy Improves Detection of Genetic Mutations in Hereditary Colorectal Cancer

Aug. 27, 2015 — Enhanced accuracy and reduced turnaround time of testing can provide vital information for patients suspected of having lynch syndrome and their family members, according to a new ... read more

New 'Mutation-Tracking' Blood Test Could Predict Breast Cancer Relapse Months in Advance

Aug. 26, 2015 — Scientists have developed a blood test for breast cancer able to identify which patients will suffer a relapse after treatment, months before tumors are visible on hospital scans.The test can uncover ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — Researchers say they have discovered some of the first steps in how a very common gene mutation causes the brain damage associated with both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal ... read more

Batting Practice in the Genome

Aug. 25, 2015 — In the biochemical game of genetics, it was thought that the proteins controlling gene regulation in animals were either spectators or players. But scientists have now found that spectator proteins ... read more

Adaptive Mutation Mechanism May Explain Some Forms of Antibiotic Resistance

Aug. 25, 2015 — Evolutionary theory says mutations are blind and occur randomly. But in the phenomenon of adaptive mutation, cells can peek under the blindfold, increasing their mutation rate in response to stress. ... read more

Aug. 25, 2015 — When our cells copy their DNA to grow and replicate, it’s vital the process runs smoothly. To get this right, cells use a complex “machine”, made from many hundreds of ... read more

Protein With Promise for Cancer Therapy Identified

Aug. 24, 2015 — A researcher says he has solved a cell division mystery in a way that will intrigue the makers of cancer-fighting ... read more

Genetic Overlapping in Multiple Autoimmune Diseases May Suggest Common Therapies

Aug. 24, 2015 — Scientists who analyzed the genes involved in 10 autoimmune diseases that begin in childhood have discovered 22 genome-wide signals shared by two or more diseases. These shared gene sites may reveal ... read more

Genetic Ancestry Partially Explains One Racial Sleep Difference

Aug. 21, 2015 — A new study clearly establishes a partial genetic basis underlying racial differences in slow-wave sleep, suggesting that it may be possible to develop sleep-related therapies that target specific ... read more

Aug. 21, 2015 — Scientists have revealed that weak doses of gamma radiation prolong the life of drosophila flies (fruit flies), and that the effect is stronger in females than in males. These findings could reveal ... read more

Anti-Aging Tricks from Dietary Supplement Seen in Mice

Aug. 21, 2015 — The dietary supplement alpha lipoic acid can stimulate telomerase, the enzyme that lengthens chromosomes' protective caps, with positive effects in a mouse model of atherosclerosis, scientists ... read more

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