Human Biology News
November 25, 2015

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updated 2:59am EST

More Human Biology News
November 25, 2015

Ancient Viral Molecules Essential for Human Development

Nov. 23, 2015 — Genetic material from ancient viral infections is critical to human development, according to ... read more

Identification of Barrier That Prevents Progression of Benign Kidney Tumors to Malignant Disease

Nov. 20, 2015 — The inner workings of a rare benign kidney tumor has been studied. Researchers have now revealed a mechanism to prevent this type of tumor from becoming ... read more

Architecture of Protein Complex Hints at Its Foundational Function in Chromosome Segregation

Nov. 19, 2015 — The organization of a protein complex that is critical during chromosome segregation has been revealed by researchers. Without the foundation it supplies, the link between chromosome and kinetochore ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In a recently published paper, Indiana University biologists have calculated the lifetime energy requirements of multiple types of cells, as well as the energy required to replicate and express the ... read more

Novel Proteins Linked to Huntington's Disease Identified

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new discovery about Huntington's disease has been made by researchers, showing that the gene that causes the fatal disorder makes an unexpected 'cocktail' of mutant proteins that ... read more

New Gene That Makes Common Bacteria Resistant to Last-Line Antibiotic Found in Animals, Patients in China

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new gene that enables bacteria to be highly resistant to polymyxins, the last line of antibiotic defense we have left, is widespread in Enterobacteriaceae taken from pigs and patients in south ... read more

Nov. 18, 2015 — The most detailed analysis yet of the role germline mutations in genes associated with cancer predisposition play in the development of childhood cancer suggests that comprehensive genomic screening ... read more

Nov. 17, 2015 — Advanced prostate cancer is a disease notoriously resistant to treatment. New research sheds light on a new mode of drug resistance to emerging therapies in metastatic prostate cancer. This discovery ... read more

Nov. 17, 2015 — To get at the genetic roots of high altitude adaptation, a collaborative research team turned to a research workhorse, the fruit fly and identified a treasure trove of new genes -- all told, over 100 ... read more

Nov. 17, 2015 — A newly developed, simple, ultrasensitive microRNA sensor holds promise for the design of new diagnostic strategies and, potentially, for the prognosis and treatment of pancreatic and other ... read more

Advanced Method, First Platform of DNA Simulations Developed

Nov. 17, 2015 — A new simulation method allows researchers to note -- with unprecedented accuracy -- of structural changes in DNA and of the interaction of DNA with proteins and ... read more

'No Place' for Genetic Testing to Spot Young Sporting Talent or Boost Performance

Nov. 16, 2015 — No child or young athlete should be subjected to genetic testing to spot sporting talent or boost performance, concludes an international panel of experts in a consensus ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — Using large-scale computer modeling, researchers have shown the effects of confinement on macromolecules inside cells -- and taken the first steps toward simulating a living cell, a capability that ... read more

RNA-Based Drugs Give More Control Over Gene Editing

Nov. 16, 2015 — Researchers demonstrate a commercially feasible way to use RNA to turn the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system on and off as desired -- permanently editing a gene, but only temporarily activating ... read more

Research Points to Why Some Colorectal Cancers Recur After Treatment

Nov. 16, 2015 — Cetuximab, marketed as Erbitux, is one of the key therapies for metastatic colorectal cancer. Yet the cancer still returns in some patients, shortening overall survival. New research reveals insight ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — Changes in cellular metabolites, the simple compounds generated during life-sustaining chemical activities in cells, have been shown to regulate embryonic stem cell development at the earliest stages ... read more

Gene Drive Reversibility Introduces New Layer of Biosafety

Nov. 16, 2015 — A research team demonstrates effective safeguarding mechanisms for working with gene drives and unveils a first-of-its-kind method for reversing the changes they ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — For nearly 20 years, scientists have thought that the muscle weakness observed in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy is primarily due to problems in their muscle fibers, but new research shows ... read more

Gene Therapy: Promising Candidate for Cystic Fibrosis Treatment

Nov. 16, 2015 — An improved gene therapy treatment can cure mice with cystic fibrosis (CF). Cell cultures from CF patients, too, respond well to the treatment, suggest new encouraging ... read more

Irradiated Anthrax Can Be Sequenced Quickly

Nov. 13, 2015 — These days, mail addressed to selected government offices gets irradiated, in order to kill any biological agents, notably anthrax spores. The downside of this is that viable spores have been needed ... read more

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