Human Biology News
November 28, 2015

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updated 8:30pm EST

More Human Biology News
November 28, 2015

Nov. 25, 2015 — A particular location in DNA, called the Dlk1-Gtl2 locus, plays a critical role in protecting hematopoietic, or blood-forming, stem cells -- a discovery revealing a critical role of metabolic control ... read more

Combination Therapy Can Prevent Cytostatic Resistance

Nov. 25, 2015 — Researchers have found a new way of preventing resistance to cytostatics used in the treatment of cancers such as medulloblastoma, the most common form of malignant brain tumor in children. The ... read more

Fat Cells Originating from Bone Marrow Found in Humans

Nov. 24, 2015 — Fat cells produced by stem cells from the bone marrow may be linked to chronic illnesses like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, kidney disease and some cancers, researchers ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — Don't have room for dessert? The bacteria in your gut may be telling you something. Twenty minutes after a meal, gut microbes produce proteins that can suppress food intake in animals, reports a ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Using a groundbreaking gene editing technique, scientists have created a strain of mosquitoes capable of rapidly introducing malaria-blocking genes into a mosquito population through its progeny, ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Genomic analysis of ancient human remains identifies specific genes that changed during and after the transition in Europe from hunting and gathering to farming about 8,500 years ago. Many of the ... read more

Scientists Discover the Secret Behind the Power of Bacterial Sex

Nov. 23, 2015 — Migration between different communities of bacteria is the key to the type of gene transfer that can lead to the spread of traits such as antibiotic resistance, according to ... read more

Identification of Barrier That Prevents Progression of Benign Kidney Tumors to Malignant Disease

Nov. 20, 2015 — The inner workings of a rare benign kidney tumor has been studied. Researchers have now revealed a mechanism to prevent this type of tumor from becoming ... read more

Tumor-Suppressor P53 Regulates Protein That Stifles Immune Attack on Cancer

Nov. 20, 2015 — A crucial tumor-thwarting gene protects an immune attack against lung cancer by blocking the key to an off switch on T cells, the customized warriors of the immune system, a team of researchers ... read more

New Biomarker Predicts Development of Preeclampsia at Six Weeks of Pregnancy

Nov. 20, 2015 — Preeclampsia is generally diagnosed later in pregnancy, but new research reports that the protein copeptin can predict the development of preeclampsia as early as six weeks of gestation. The findings ... read more

Research Finding Could Lead to Targeted Therapies for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Nov. 19, 2015 — A pathogen-sensing molecule plays a vital role in keeping gastrointestinal (GI) systems healthy, new research demonstrates. The findings could someday be valuable in treating conditions such as ... read more

Architecture of Protein Complex Hints at Its Foundational Function in Chromosome Segregation

Nov. 19, 2015 — The organization of a protein complex that is critical during chromosome segregation has been revealed by researchers. Without the foundation it supplies, the link between chromosome and kinetochore ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In a recently published paper, Indiana University biologists have calculated the lifetime energy requirements of multiple types of cells, as well as the energy required to replicate and express the ... read more

Novel Proteins Linked to Huntington's Disease Identified

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new discovery about Huntington's disease has been made by researchers, showing that the gene that causes the fatal disorder makes an unexpected 'cocktail' of mutant proteins that ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — Scientists are opening the gates of nature’s secret medicine factories, with the aim of giving us new weapons against cancers and resistant bacteria. They are developing technology that will make ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In 1495, a "new" disease spread throughout Europe: syphilis. Christopher Columbus was said to have brought this sexually transmitted disease back from his voyage to America. At least, that ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new system has been created to speed up the process of making life-saving vaccines for new viruses. Their concept is to create the biological machinery for vaccine production en masse, put it in a ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — Researchers found they could disrupt STAT3's ability to act as a transcription factor by altering part of the protein, which interfered with its cancer-promoting activity. The findings suggest a ... read more

New Gene That Makes Common Bacteria Resistant to Last-Line Antibiotic Found in Animals, Patients in China

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new gene that enables bacteria to be highly resistant to polymyxins, the last line of antibiotic defense we have left, is widespread in Enterobacteriaceae taken from pigs and patients in south ... read more

Nov. 18, 2015 — The most detailed analysis yet of the role germline mutations in genes associated with cancer predisposition play in the development of childhood cancer suggests that comprehensive genomic screening ... read more

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