Human Biology News
July 6, 2015

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More Human Biology News
July 6, 2015

Visualizing RNAi at Work

July 6, 2015 — Researchers have revealed the molecular mechanism of RNA interference (RNAi), the phenomenon by which the synthesis of a specific protein is inhibited, by real time observation of target RNA cleavage ... read more

July 6, 2015 — Researchers have identified modes of Sox9 action during cartilage formation by analyzing big data on Sox9 location, chromatin state, and gene expression over the whole mouse genome. This finding will ... read more

July 3, 2015 — The DNA molecule is chemically unstable giving rise to DNA lesions of different nature. That is why DNA damage detection, signaling and repair, collectively known as the DNA damage response, are ... read more

July 2, 2015 — A team using electron cryomicroscopy has for the first time revealed at the atomic level the structure of a protein required for viral replication in vesicular stomatitis virus, a virus that is a ... read more

Genetic Variation Determines Response to Anti-Diabetic Drug

July 2, 2015 — In the first study of its kind, researchers have shown how an anti-diabetic drug can have variable effects depending on small natural differences in DNA sequence between individuals. They aim to ... read more

July 2, 2015 — Cartilage does a lot more than determine the shapes of people's ears and noses. It also enables people to breathe and to form healthy bones -- two processes essential to life. A new study ... read more

July 2, 2015 — In fruit flies, the abnormal growth induced by Hippo pathway disruption depends on genes involved in responding to the steroid hormone ecdysone. This has potential implications for human biology, ... read more

Cause of Acute Liver Failure in Young Children Discovered

July 2, 2015 — Acute liver failure is a rare yet life-threatening disease for young children. It often occurs extremely rapidly, for example, when a child has a fever. Yet in around 50 percent of cases it is ... read more

Latent Virus and Life Expectancy

July 2, 2015 — Molecular, cellular and clinical changes that arise from an infection with a latent virus can result in a decrease in ... read more

Lifelong Learning Is Made Possible by Recycling of Histones, Study Says

July 1, 2015 — A new mechanism that makes neuronal plasticity and, as a result, learning possible has been discovered by researchers. This discovery centers on a specific type of histone, proteins that support DNA ... read more

New Stem Cell Research Uncovers Causes of Spinal Muscular Atrophy

July 1, 2015 — New research has used pioneering stem cell techniques to better understand why certain cells are more at risk of degenerating in Spinal Muscular Atrophy than ... read more

June 30, 2015 — Mice that have a genetic version of mitochondrial disease can easily be mistaken for much older animals by the time they are nine months old: they have thinning grey hair, osteoporosis, poor hearing, ... read more

Similarities Between Embryos, Breast Tumors Identified

June 30, 2015 — It may seem incredulous, but breast tumors may have something in common with embryos, at least in mice, say researchers. Tumors that resemble six-day-old mouse embryos are more prone to metastasize ... read more

Research Reveals New Insights Into a Key Antibiotic Target in the Fight Against TB

June 30, 2015 — A key process in the bacterium that causes tuberculosis has been unraveled by researchers, potentially paving the way for new antibiotics to fight the disease. TB is one of the world's top ... read more

June 30, 2015 — Recent studies are revealing a complex picture of cancer progression in which certain genes that drive tumor growth in the earlier stages get suppressed in later stages -- taking a step back to move ... read more

Small RNAs Found to Play Important Roles in Memory Formation

June 30, 2015 — A type of genetic material called “microRNA” plays surprisingly different roles in the formation of memory in animal models, researchers have found. In some cases, these RNAs increase memory, ... read more

Understanding Why Animals Are Healthy Offers Path to Precision Medicine

June 29, 2015 — Researchers have identified a mechanism that explains why some mutations can be disease-causing in one genome but benign in another. The researchers compared thousands of human disease-causing ... read more

Hope for Patients With Chronic Wounds

June 29, 2015 — Most wounds clear up by themselves, but some fail to heal and become chronic. An international team of researchers has now unveiled the important role of so-called microRNAs in regulating skin wound ... read more

Blood Test for Lung Cancer a Step Closer

June 29, 2015 — Two oncologists and a research scientist are helping pave the way to an easier, more accurate, less invasive way to screen for the most common form of lung cancer. Lung cancer is the most common ... read more

New Family of Small RNAs Boosts Cell Proliferation in Cancer

June 29, 2015 — Rather than cellular trash, half of a transfer RNA (tRNA) molecule appears to actively spur cell proliferation in breast and prostate cancers, suggesting a new role for tRNA and a possible target for ... read more

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