Human Biology News
November 25, 2015

Latest Headlines
updated 1:30pm EST

More Human Biology News
November 25, 2015

Nov. 25, 2015 — Genes for important skin proteins arose in a common ancestor shared by humans and turtles 310 million years ago, a genome comparison has ... read more

Identification of Barrier That Prevents Progression of Benign Kidney Tumors to Malignant Disease

Nov. 20, 2015 — The inner workings of a rare benign kidney tumor has been studied. Researchers have now revealed a mechanism to prevent this type of tumor from becoming ... read more

Architecture of Protein Complex Hints at Its Foundational Function in Chromosome Segregation

Nov. 19, 2015 — The organization of a protein complex that is critical during chromosome segregation has been revealed by researchers. Without the foundation it supplies, the link between chromosome and kinetochore ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In a recently published paper, Indiana University biologists have calculated the lifetime energy requirements of multiple types of cells, as well as the energy required to replicate and express the ... read more

Novel Proteins Linked to Huntington's Disease Identified

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new discovery about Huntington's disease has been made by researchers, showing that the gene that causes the fatal disorder makes an unexpected 'cocktail' of mutant proteins that ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — Scientists are opening the gates of nature’s secret medicine factories, with the aim of giving us new weapons against cancers and resistant bacteria. They are developing technology that will make ... read more

New Gene That Makes Common Bacteria Resistant to Last-Line Antibiotic Found in Animals, Patients in China

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new gene that enables bacteria to be highly resistant to polymyxins, the last line of antibiotic defense we have left, is widespread in Enterobacteriaceae taken from pigs and patients in south ... read more

Nov. 18, 2015 — The most detailed analysis yet of the role germline mutations in genes associated with cancer predisposition play in the development of childhood cancer suggests that comprehensive genomic screening ... read more

Master Switch for Brain Development

Nov. 18, 2015 — A complex regulatory mechanism has been disovered, which explains how a single gene can drive the formation of brain cells. The research is an important step towards a better understanding of how the ... read more

New Technology Vastly Improves CRISPR/Cas9 Accuracy

Nov. 18, 2015 — By pairing the CRISPR/Cas9 system with a programmable DNA-binding domain (CRISPR/Cas9-pDBD), a researcher has developed a new technology platform that is precise enough to surgically edit DNA at ... read more

Nov. 17, 2015 — Advanced prostate cancer is a disease notoriously resistant to treatment. New research sheds light on a new mode of drug resistance to emerging therapies in metastatic prostate cancer. This discovery ... read more

Nov. 17, 2015 — To get at the genetic roots of high altitude adaptation, a collaborative research team turned to a research workhorse, the fruit fly and identified a treasure trove of new genes -- all told, over 100 ... read more

Nov. 17, 2015 — A newly developed, simple, ultrasensitive microRNA sensor holds promise for the design of new diagnostic strategies and, potentially, for the prognosis and treatment of pancreatic and other ... read more

Advanced Method, First Platform of DNA Simulations Developed

Nov. 17, 2015 — A new simulation method allows researchers to note -- with unprecedented accuracy -- of structural changes in DNA and of the interaction of DNA with proteins and ... read more

'No Place' for Genetic Testing to Spot Young Sporting Talent or Boost Performance

Nov. 16, 2015 — No child or young athlete should be subjected to genetic testing to spot sporting talent or boost performance, concludes an international panel of experts in a consensus ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — Using large-scale computer modeling, researchers have shown the effects of confinement on macromolecules inside cells -- and taken the first steps toward simulating a living cell, a capability that ... read more

RNA-Based Drugs Give More Control Over Gene Editing

Nov. 16, 2015 — Researchers demonstrate a commercially feasible way to use RNA to turn the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system on and off as desired -- permanently editing a gene, but only temporarily activating ... read more

Research Points to Why Some Colorectal Cancers Recur After Treatment

Nov. 16, 2015 — Cetuximab, marketed as Erbitux, is one of the key therapies for metastatic colorectal cancer. Yet the cancer still returns in some patients, shortening overall survival. New research reveals insight ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — Changes in cellular metabolites, the simple compounds generated during life-sustaining chemical activities in cells, have been shown to regulate embryonic stem cell development at the earliest stages ... read more

Gene Drive Reversibility Introduces New Layer of Biosafety

Nov. 16, 2015 — A research team demonstrates effective safeguarding mechanisms for working with gene drives and unveils a first-of-its-kind method for reversing the changes they ... read more

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