Human Biology News
February 10, 2016

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February 10, 2016

'Molecular Movie' Opens Door to New Cancer Treatments

Feb. 9, 2016 — An international team of scientists has produced a 'structural movie' revealing the step-by-step creation of an important naturally occurring chemical in the body that plays a role in some ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — The first robotically driven experimentation system to determine the effects of a large number of drugs on many proteins, reducing the number of necessary experiments by 70 percent, has been created ... read more

Professors Use Cadaver DNA to Advance Genetics Literacy in Medical Curricula

Feb. 9, 2016 — Cadavers have long been one of the most important resources for anatomy teaching in medical school. Now, they are also at the forefront of cutting-edge genetics teaching, thanks to some innovative ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Bioengineers have studied alternative CRISPR-Cas9 systems for precision genome editing, with a focus on improving its accuracy and limiting 'off-target' ... read more

Search Technique Helps Researchers Find DNA Sequences in Minutes Rather Than Days

Feb. 8, 2016 — Database searches for DNA sequences that can take biologists and medical researchers days can now be completed in a matter of minutes, thanks to a new search method developed by computer ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — New close-up images of the proteins that copy DNA inside the nucleus of a cell have led a team of scientists to propose a brand new mechanism for how this molecular machinery works. The scientists ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Gene expression in a fruit fly embryo can be accurately and predictably tuned, new research shows. This study has important implications in cellular and developmental biology, with potential ... read more

New Type 2 Diabetes Biomarker Identified

Feb. 8, 2016 — Type 2 diabetes accounts for around 90 percent of diabetes cases as well as being one of the major cardiovascular risk factors. Researchers have found an epigenetic mechanism implicated in the ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — For the first time, researchers have demonstrated a direct link between the Wbp2 gene and progressive hearing loss. The scientists report that the loss of Wbp2 expression leads to progressive ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Stress in the body’s cells is both the cause and consequence of inflammatory diseases or cancer. The cells react to stress to protect themselves. Researchers have now developed a new technique that ... read more

The Refugee Crisis: Biologists Warn of the Problems of Determining Age from Biological Indicators in Children

Feb. 8, 2016 — The thousands of unaccompanied asylum seeking children (UASC) entering Europe to seek escape from war and poverty are in the headlines as the British Government considers the acceptance of 3000 ... read more

Gene Family Turns Cancer Cells Into Aggressive Stem Cells That Keep Growing

Feb. 5, 2016 — An examination of 130 gene expression studies in 10 solid cancers has found that when any of four related genes is overexpressed, patients have much worse outcomes, including reduced ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Cells reach a state called senescence when they stop dividing in response to DNA damage. This change can matter greatly to health, but scientists do not yet have a clear picture of how this change ... read more

Single-Lesion Biopsy May Be Insufficient to Choose Therapy Targeting Resistance Mutations

Feb. 5, 2016 — When metastatic tumors driven by drug-targetable genetic mutations become resistant to a targeted therapy drug, the usual practice is to test a single metastatic lesion for new mutations that can ... read more

Scientists Discover Molecular Link Between Psychiatric Disorders and Type 2 Diabetes

Feb. 5, 2016 — Scientists show that a gene called 'DISC1,' which is believed to play a role in mental health disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and some forms of depression, influences the ... read more

New Analysis Method May Reduce Need for Invasive Biopsies

Feb. 5, 2016 — Scientists have identified a quantitative method to measure changes in biomarkers, which may reduce or eliminate the need for invasive ... read more

Researchers Identify Striking Genomic Signature Shared by Five Types of Cancer

Feb. 5, 2016 — Researchers have identified a striking signature in tumor DNA that occurs in five different types of cancer. The specific signature results from a chemical modification of DNA called methylation, ... read more

New Assay Detects Persistent Disease in Leukemia Patients Thought to Be in Remission

Feb. 5, 2016 — A new study describes a new personalized DNA-based digital assay that detects persistent chronic myeloid leukemia in 81 percent of samples taken from a group of patients thought to be in ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — IBS researchers create multiplex Digenome-seq to find errors in CRISPR-Cas9 ... read more

Fast, Accurate Cystic Fibrosis Test Developed

Feb. 4, 2016 — Researchers have developed a fast, inexpensive and highly accurate test to screen newborns for cystic fibrosis. The new method detects virtually all mutations in the CF gene, preventing missed ... read more

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