Human Biology News
February 9, 2016

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updated 8:30am EST

More Human Biology News
February 9, 2016

Researchers Identify Most Dangerous Strains of Often-Deadly Bacteria

Feb. 8, 2016 — For the first time, researchers have determined the genetic makeup of various strains of E. coli, which every year kills hundreds of thousands of people around the world. The study analyzed the DNA ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Using a model blood vessel system built on a polymer microchip, researchers have shown that the relative softness of white blood cells determines whether they remain in a dormant state along vessel ... read more

Leishmania Parasites Reveal Their Sexuality

Feb. 8, 2016 — With 16 million people affected worldwide, mainly in developing countries, leishmaniosis (also called leishmaniasis) is a major public health problem. It is, however, a neglected disease, from the ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Bioengineers have studied alternative CRISPR-Cas9 systems for precision genome editing, with a focus on improving its accuracy and limiting 'off-target' ... read more

Search Technique Helps Researchers Find DNA Sequences in Minutes Rather Than Days

Feb. 8, 2016 — Database searches for DNA sequences that can take biologists and medical researchers days can now be completed in a matter of minutes, thanks to a new search method developed by computer ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Gene expression in a fruit fly embryo can be accurately and predictably tuned, new research shows. This study has important implications in cellular and developmental biology, with potential ... read more

The Refugee Crisis: Biologists Warn of the Problems of Determining Age from Biological Indicators in Children

Feb. 8, 2016 — The thousands of unaccompanied asylum seeking children (UASC) entering Europe to seek escape from war and poverty are in the headlines as the British Government considers the acceptance of 3000 ... read more

Single-Lesion Biopsy May Be Insufficient to Choose Therapy Targeting Resistance Mutations

Feb. 5, 2016 — When metastatic tumors driven by drug-targetable genetic mutations become resistant to a targeted therapy drug, the usual practice is to test a single metastatic lesion for new mutations that can ... read more

New Analysis Method May Reduce Need for Invasive Biopsies

Feb. 5, 2016 — Scientists have identified a quantitative method to measure changes in biomarkers, which may reduce or eliminate the need for invasive ... read more

Researchers Identify Striking Genomic Signature Shared by Five Types of Cancer

Feb. 5, 2016 — Researchers have identified a striking signature in tumor DNA that occurs in five different types of cancer. The specific signature results from a chemical modification of DNA called methylation, ... read more

New Assay Detects Persistent Disease in Leukemia Patients Thought to Be in Remission

Feb. 5, 2016 — A new study describes a new personalized DNA-based digital assay that detects persistent chronic myeloid leukemia in 81 percent of samples taken from a group of patients thought to be in ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — IBS researchers create multiplex Digenome-seq to find errors in CRISPR-Cas9 ... read more

Fast, Accurate Cystic Fibrosis Test Developed

Feb. 4, 2016 — Researchers have developed a fast, inexpensive and highly accurate test to screen newborns for cystic fibrosis. The new method detects virtually all mutations in the CF gene, preventing missed ... read more

Dogs Accelerate the Advance of New Cancer Treatments for Both Pets and People

Feb. 4, 2016 — A new review suggests integrating dogs with naturally occurring cancers into studies of new drug therapeutics could result in better treatments for our four-legged friends while helping inform ... read more

Removing Race from Human Genetic Research

Feb. 4, 2016 — When it comes to studying human genetic diversity, a group of scientists feel that the race concept has no place in human ... read more

Individuals' Medical Histories Predicted by Their Noncoding Genomes, Study Finds

Feb. 4, 2016 — Identifying mutations in the control switches of genes can be a surprisingly accurate way to predict a person's medical history, researchers have ... read more

Hair Thinning by Stem Cell Loss

Feb. 4, 2016 — Why people lose their locks in old age may be related to the aging of hair follicle stem cells, two new studies suggest. Though it is known that mammals that live for longer lifespans lose their ... read more

Genetic Cause of Rare Allergy to Vibration Discovered

Feb. 3, 2016 — Scientists have identified a genetic mutation responsible for a rare form of inherited hives induced by vibration, also known as vibratory urticaria. Running, hand clapping, towel drying or even ... read more

Feb. 3, 2016 — A new way to use the empty shell of a hepatitis E virus has been developed to carry vaccines or drugs into the body. The technique has been tested in rodents as a way to target breast cancer, and is ... read more

Structure of Brain Plaques in Huntington's Disease Described

Feb. 3, 2016 — The core of the protein clumps found in the brains of people with Huntington's disease have a distinctive structure, a finding that could shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the ... read more

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