Human Biology News
December 1, 2015

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More Human Biology News
December 1, 2015

Nov. 25, 2015 — A particular location in DNA, called the Dlk1-Gtl2 locus, plays a critical role in protecting hematopoietic, or blood-forming, stem cells -- a discovery revealing a critical role of metabolic control ... read more

Dietary Restriction Gives Fruit Flies a Rhythm for a Long Life

Nov. 25, 2015 — Dietary restriction enhances the expression of the circadian clock genes in the peripheral tissue of fruit flies. Researchers show that dietary restriction, induced by reducing protein in the diet, ... read more

Lack of Protein in Rare Childhood Disease Also Has Role in Cancer

Nov. 25, 2015 — An expert who has treated rare childhood diseases has found that a protein that is missing in one such disease is also silenced by many cancers. Looking at how the lack of the protein affects the ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Genes for important skin proteins arose in a common ancestor shared by humans and turtles 310 million years ago, a genome comparison has ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Scientists are closer to understanding the mechanisms underlying the phenomenon of genomic imprinting. In this intriguing event, one copy of a gene is 'turned off', or silenced, depending ... read more

Combination Therapy Can Prevent Cytostatic Resistance

Nov. 25, 2015 — Researchers have found a new way of preventing resistance to cytostatics used in the treatment of cancers such as medulloblastoma, the most common form of malignant brain tumor in children. The ... read more

Fat Cells Originating from Bone Marrow Found in Humans

Nov. 24, 2015 — Fat cells produced by stem cells from the bone marrow may be linked to chronic illnesses like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, kidney disease and some cancers, researchers ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — Don't have room for dessert? The bacteria in your gut may be telling you something. Twenty minutes after a meal, gut microbes produce proteins that can suppress food intake in animals, reports a ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Using a groundbreaking gene editing technique, scientists have created a strain of mosquitoes capable of rapidly introducing malaria-blocking genes into a mosquito population through its progeny, ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — New work highlights the mechanisms of self-organization in living cells, making possible the development of science-based treatment strategies for different diseases - for example, to create ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Genomic analysis of ancient human remains identifies specific genes that changed during and after the transition in Europe from hunting and gathering to farming about 8,500 years ago. Many of the ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Genetic material from ancient viral infections is critical to human development, according to ... read more

Scientists Discover the Secret Behind the Power of Bacterial Sex

Nov. 23, 2015 — Migration between different communities of bacteria is the key to the type of gene transfer that can lead to the spread of traits such as antibiotic resistance, according to ... read more

Identification of Barrier That Prevents Progression of Benign Kidney Tumors to Malignant Disease

Nov. 20, 2015 — The inner workings of a rare benign kidney tumor has been studied. Researchers have now revealed a mechanism to prevent this type of tumor from becoming ... read more

Tumor-Suppressor P53 Regulates Protein That Stifles Immune Attack on Cancer

Nov. 20, 2015 — A crucial tumor-thwarting gene protects an immune attack against lung cancer by blocking the key to an off switch on T cells, the customized warriors of the immune system, a team of researchers ... read more

New Biomarker Predicts Development of Preeclampsia at Six Weeks of Pregnancy

Nov. 20, 2015 — Preeclampsia is generally diagnosed later in pregnancy, but new research reports that the protein copeptin can predict the development of preeclampsia as early as six weeks of gestation. The findings ... read more

Research Finding Could Lead to Targeted Therapies for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Nov. 19, 2015 — A pathogen-sensing molecule plays a vital role in keeping gastrointestinal (GI) systems healthy, new research demonstrates. The findings could someday be valuable in treating conditions such as ... read more

Architecture of Protein Complex Hints at Its Foundational Function in Chromosome Segregation

Nov. 19, 2015 — The organization of a protein complex that is critical during chromosome segregation has been revealed by researchers. Without the foundation it supplies, the link between chromosome and kinetochore ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In a recently published paper, Indiana University biologists have calculated the lifetime energy requirements of multiple types of cells, as well as the energy required to replicate and express the ... read more

Novel Proteins Linked to Huntington's Disease Identified

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new discovery about Huntington's disease has been made by researchers, showing that the gene that causes the fatal disorder makes an unexpected 'cocktail' of mutant proteins that ... read more

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