Human Biology News
November 26, 2015

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updated 12:30pm EST

More Human Biology News
November 26, 2015

Nov. 25, 2015 — A particular location in DNA, called the Dlk1-Gtl2 locus, plays a critical role in protecting hematopoietic, or blood-forming, stem cells -- a discovery revealing a critical role of metabolic control ... read more

New Gene Map Reveals Cancer's Achilles Heel

Nov. 25, 2015 — Scientists have mapped out the genes that keep our cells alive, creating a long-awaited foothold for understanding how our genome works and which genes are crucial in disease like ... read more

Closing the Loop on an HIV Escape Mechanism

Nov. 25, 2015 — The motion of a specific protein in a human cell regulates whether HIV will infect other cells, a collaborative six-university research team has found. The finding may lead to promising new ways to ... read more

New Research Suggests Novel Route in Fight Against Cancer

Nov. 23, 2015 — A collection of important proteins that carry out and regulate critical biological processes has been identified by a group of researchers. As the malfunctioning of these proteins and processes are ... read more

New Class of RNA Tumor Suppressors Identified by Researchers

Nov. 23, 2015 — A pair of RNA molecules originally thought to be no more than cellular housekeepers are deleted in over a quarter of common human cancers, according to ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — The liver's cannabinoid receptors could be targeted to fight liver cancer in some patients, new research suggests. This work offers a way to predict what treatments have the best chance of ... read more

Identification of Barrier That Prevents Progression of Benign Kidney Tumors to Malignant Disease

Nov. 20, 2015 — The inner workings of a rare benign kidney tumor has been studied. Researchers have now revealed a mechanism to prevent this type of tumor from becoming ... read more

New Biomarker Predicts Development of Preeclampsia at Six Weeks of Pregnancy

Nov. 20, 2015 — Preeclampsia is generally diagnosed later in pregnancy, but new research reports that the protein copeptin can predict the development of preeclampsia as early as six weeks of gestation. The findings ... read more

Architecture of Protein Complex Hints at Its Foundational Function in Chromosome Segregation

Nov. 19, 2015 — The organization of a protein complex that is critical during chromosome segregation has been revealed by researchers. Without the foundation it supplies, the link between chromosome and kinetochore ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In a recently published paper, Indiana University biologists have calculated the lifetime energy requirements of multiple types of cells, as well as the energy required to replicate and express the ... read more

Novel Proteins Linked to Huntington's Disease Identified

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new discovery about Huntington's disease has been made by researchers, showing that the gene that causes the fatal disorder makes an unexpected 'cocktail' of mutant proteins that ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — Scientists are opening the gates of nature’s secret medicine factories, with the aim of giving us new weapons against cancers and resistant bacteria. They are developing technology that will make ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In 1495, a "new" disease spread throughout Europe: syphilis. Christopher Columbus was said to have brought this sexually transmitted disease back from his voyage to America. At least, that ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new system has been created to speed up the process of making life-saving vaccines for new viruses. Their concept is to create the biological machinery for vaccine production en masse, put it in a ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — Researchers found they could disrupt STAT3's ability to act as a transcription factor by altering part of the protein, which interfered with its cancer-promoting activity. The findings suggest a ... read more

New Gene That Makes Common Bacteria Resistant to Last-Line Antibiotic Found in Animals, Patients in China

Nov. 19, 2015 — A new gene that enables bacteria to be highly resistant to polymyxins, the last line of antibiotic defense we have left, is widespread in Enterobacteriaceae taken from pigs and patients in south ... read more

Nov. 18, 2015 — The most detailed analysis yet of the role germline mutations in genes associated with cancer predisposition play in the development of childhood cancer suggests that comprehensive genomic screening ... read more

Master Switch for Brain Development

Nov. 18, 2015 — A complex regulatory mechanism has been disovered, which explains how a single gene can drive the formation of brain cells. The research is an important step towards a better understanding of how the ... read more

New Technology Vastly Improves CRISPR/Cas9 Accuracy

Nov. 18, 2015 — By pairing the CRISPR/Cas9 system with a programmable DNA-binding domain (CRISPR/Cas9-pDBD), a researcher has developed a new technology platform that is precise enough to surgically edit DNA at ... read more

Nov. 17, 2015 — Advanced prostate cancer is a disease notoriously resistant to treatment. New research sheds light on a new mode of drug resistance to emerging therapies in metastatic prostate cancer. This discovery ... read more

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