Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Pacifiers No Barrier To Breastfeeding Success

Date:
May 4, 2009
Source:
University of Virginia Health System
Summary:
Many women have heard of the benefits of breastfeeding and pacifier use in reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) as well as other advantages. But many may question the effects of pacifiers on breastfeeding success. Mothers need not worry about that, according to a review of relevant studies.

Many women have heard of the benefits of breastfeeding and pacifier use in reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) as well as other advantages. But many may question the effects of pacifiers on breastfeeding success. Mothers need not worry about that according to Fern Hauck, M.D., researcher and associate professor of family medicine and public health sciences at the University of Virginia School of Medicine.

In a literature review, Hauck found that the highest level of evidence on pacifier use and breastfeeding shows no adverse relationship between the two. Her results appear in the April edition of the Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine.

“Physicians, nurses and others who advise parents on infant care issues do need to be educated about the potential benefit of using a pacifier for SIDS prevention, and further, now need to be reassured that using the pacifier should not interfere with breastfeeding,” says Hauck, who also sits on an American Academy of Pediatrics task force on SIDS. Hauck authored a study on the association between pacifier use and reduced SIDS risk.

Hauck and a team of family medicine and public health researchers at UVA, set out to summarize literature examining an association between pacifiers and breastfeeding by gathering more than 1,000 reports containing the words pacifiers and breastfeeding. Of those, 29 studies met inclusion criteria for their review. Two independent reviewers collected data on study design, population demographics and study results. For each study, quantitative and qualitative characteristics were recorded. Tests of interrater agreement were applied to the data and quality characteristics. The quantity variables were submitted to meta analysis.

Of the 29 studies, four were randomized control studies (RCT), 20 were cohort studies and five were cross sectional studies. The research came from 12 countries—Australia, Brazil, Canada, Hungary, Italy, New Zealand, Poland, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. Results from the four RCTs showed no difference in breastfeeding outcomes with different pacifier interventions, such as use with tube feedings, use after delivery or educational programs promoting non-use of pacifiers. Most of the observational studies— cross-sectional and cohort – reported an association between pacifier use and shortened duration of breastfeeding. This association was likely due to other factors such as breastfeeding difficulties or desire to wean, according to Hauck.

“Mothers who breastfeed are often advised not to use a pacifier. This recommendation needs to be corrected. However, if a baby refuses a pacifier, it should not be forced upon him or her,” Hauck advises.

Hauck adds that the best time to introduce a pacifier is usually when the baby is three to four weeks old, after breastfeeding is well established. Most of all, mothers who choose to breast-feed need lots of support.

“The biggest barriers to continuing breastfeeding are a lack of support from family members, going back to work and using supplemental formula, especially before breastfeeding is well established.”

In the future, Hauck and colleagues would like to study pacifiers and breastfeeding further with an eye toward pacifier use at bedtime and naptime.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Virginia Health System. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Virginia Health System. "Pacifiers No Barrier To Breastfeeding Success." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 May 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090501200247.htm>.
University of Virginia Health System. (2009, May 4). Pacifiers No Barrier To Breastfeeding Success. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090501200247.htm
University of Virginia Health System. "Pacifiers No Barrier To Breastfeeding Success." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090501200247.htm (accessed August 20, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Raw: World's Oldest Man Lives in Japan

Raw: World's Oldest Man Lives in Japan

AP (Aug. 20, 2014) A 111-year-old Japanese was certified as the world's oldest man by Guinness World Records on Wednesday. Sakari Momoi, a native of Fukushima in northern Japan, was given a certificate at a hospital in Tokyo. (Aug. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

AFP (Aug. 19, 2014) Residents of Sierra Leone's capital voice their fears as the Ebola virus sweeps through west Africa. Duration: 00:56 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
101-Year-Old Working Man Has All The Advice You Need

101-Year-Old Working Man Has All The Advice You Need

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) Herman Goldman has worked at the same lighting store for almost 75 years. Find out his secrets to a happy, productive life. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

AP (Aug. 19, 2014) Four Texas high school football programs are trying out an experimental system designed to diagnose concussions on the field. The technology is in response to growing concern over head trauma in America's most watched sport. (Aug. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins