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Clean Fuels Could Reduce Deaths From Ship Smokestacks By 40,000 Annually

Date:
July 14, 2009
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Rising levels of smokestack emissions from oceangoing ships will cause an estimated 87,000 deaths worldwide each year by 2012 -- almost one-third higher than previously believed, according to the second major study on that topic. The study says that government action to reduce sulfur emissions from shipping fuel (the source of air pollution linked to an increased risk of illness and death) could reduce that toll.

Clean fuels with lower sulfur levels could reduce deaths from ship smokestack emissions by 40,000 annually, scientists say.
Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Rising levels of smokestack emissions from oceangoing ships will cause an estimated 87,000 deaths worldwide each year by 2012 — almost one-third higher than previously believed, according to the second major study on that topic. The study says that government action to reduce sulfur emissions from shipping fuel (the source of air pollution linked to an increased risk of illness and death) could reduce that toll.

James Winebrake and colleagues note that most oceangoing ships burn fuels with a high sulfur content that averages 2.4 percent. Their smokestacks emit sulfur-containing particles linked to increased risks of lung and heart disease. A 2007 study by the researchers estimated that about 60,000 people died prematurely around the world due to shipping-related emissions in 2002. The new study estimates that the toll could rise to 87,000 by 2012, assuming that the global shipping industry rebounds from the current economic slump and no new regulation occurs.

Policymakers now are considering limiting ships emissions by either restricting sulfur content in fuel or designating air pollution control areas to reduce air pollution near highly populated coastal areas. Requiring ships to use marine fuel with 0.5 percent sulfur within 200 nautical miles of shore would reduce premature deaths by about 41,200, the study concludes. Lower sulfur reductions could reduce deaths even further, they say, adding that designated emission control areas will also have a positive impact.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Winebrake et al. Mitigating the Health Impacts of Pollution from Oceangoing Shipping: An Assessment of Low-Sulfur Fuel Mandates. Environmental Science & Technology, 2009; 43 (13): 4776 DOI: 10.1021/es803224q

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Clean Fuels Could Reduce Deaths From Ship Smokestacks By 40,000 Annually." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 July 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090708094835.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2009, July 14). Clean Fuels Could Reduce Deaths From Ship Smokestacks By 40,000 Annually. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090708094835.htm
American Chemical Society. "Clean Fuels Could Reduce Deaths From Ship Smokestacks By 40,000 Annually." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090708094835.htm (accessed September 2, 2014).

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