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Low-dose CT Method, Delivering 50 Percent Less Radiation, Correctly Identifies Patients With Appendicitis

Date:
July 22, 2009
Source:
American Roentgen Ray Society
Summary:
Patients with possible appendicitis are typically evaluated using a standard-dose contrast enhanced CT, but a low-dose unenhanced CT that delivers approximately 50 percent less radiation is just as effective, according to a new study. The standard-dose enhanced CT scan delivers approximately 8.0 mSv of radiation; the low-dose unenhanced CT scan delivers approximately 4.2 mSv of radiation.

Patients with possible appendicitis are typically evaluated using a standard-dose contrast enhanced CT, but a low-dose unenhanced CT that delivers approximately 50% less radiation is just as effective, according to a study performed at the Seoul National University College of Medicine in Seoul, Korea. The standard-dose enhanced CT scan delivers approximately 8.0 mSv of radiation; the low-dose unenhanced CT scan delivers approximately 4.2 mSv of radiation.

A total of 78 patients with appendicitis were all evaluated using both the standard-dose and low-dose methods. CT images were then reviewed by two separate radiologists. Radiologist number one was able to correctly identify appendicitis in 77/78 patients using the low-dose unenhanced method and in 78/78 using the standard-dose enhanced method. Radiologist number two was able to correctly identify appendicitis in all 78 patients using both methods.

“Considering the high incidence of appendicitis in the general population and the rapidly increasing use of CT, small individual risks applied to such an increasingly large population may create a public health issue in the future,” said Kyoung Ho Lee, MD, lead author of the study.

“Low-dose unenhanced CT can potentially be used as the first line imaging test in patients suspected of having appendicitis,” he said.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Roentgen Ray Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Hyobin Seo et al. Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis With Sliding Slab Ray-Sum Interpretation of Low-Dose Unenhanced CT and Standard-Dose IV Contrast-Enhanced CT Scans. American Journal of Roentgenology, AJR 2009; 193:96-105 DOI: 10.2214/AJR.08.1237

Cite This Page:

American Roentgen Ray Society. "Low-dose CT Method, Delivering 50 Percent Less Radiation, Correctly Identifies Patients With Appendicitis." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 July 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090722110854.htm>.
American Roentgen Ray Society. (2009, July 22). Low-dose CT Method, Delivering 50 Percent Less Radiation, Correctly Identifies Patients With Appendicitis. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090722110854.htm
American Roentgen Ray Society. "Low-dose CT Method, Delivering 50 Percent Less Radiation, Correctly Identifies Patients With Appendicitis." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/07/090722110854.htm (accessed September 2, 2014).

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