Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Hip And Back Fractures Increase Mortality Rates In People Older Than 50

Date:
August 4, 2009
Source:
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Summary:
Vertebral and hip fractures are associated with an increased risk of death, found a new study of 7753 people in Canada aged 50 years and older published in CMAJ. According to the results, approximately 25 percent of people (both men and women) living in the community who develop a hip fracture and 16 percent who develop a spine fracture will die over a 5 year period.

Vertebral and hip fractures are associated with an increased risk of death, found a new study of 7753 people in Canada aged 50 years and older published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. According to the results, approximately 25% of people (both men and women) living in the community who develop a hip fracture and 16% who develop a spine fracture will die over a 5 year period.

The 5 year study, part of the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study, consisted of 2187 men and 5566 women from across Canada. It differs from other previous studies in that the study group is representative of the general population and participants were recruited through telephone lists by postal code areas. Previous studies have included only women, participants from specific geographic areas, patients with osteoporosis or have looked at only one type of fracture.

Fractures are associated with negative outcomes such as pain, immobility and reduced health-related quality of life.

All types of fractures were more common in women than men except for rib fractures. Other factors affecting mortality including smoking status, physical activity, and comorbidity of other diseases.

"Hip fractures may have long-lasting effects that result in eventual death by signalling or actually inducing a progressive decline in health," write Dr. George Ioannidis and coauthors. "Our results also showed that vertebral fracture was an independent predictor of death."

The authors conclude that interventions must be introduced to reduce the likelihood of fractures, such as osteoporosis medications, fall prevention strategies, hip protectors and enhanced rehabilitation after fracture to improve mobility and strength.

In a related commentary, Dr. Karim Khan and Dr. Maureen Ashe write that cognitive impairment and dementia are major risk factors for fall-related fractures but patients with these conditions are usually difficult to recruit and thus under-represented in cohort studies. "If this was the case in this Canadian cohort (and it most likely was), the mortality data may contain "healthy volunteer bias" and the population mortality rates may be even higher than reported by Ioannidis and colleagues." They conclude that post-fracture care could be improved for this condition that kills at least 25% of people with fractures from falls within 12 months.

Dr. Khan and Dr. Ashe are with the Centre for Hip Health and Mobility at Vancouver General Hospital and the University of British Columbia.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Canadian Medical Association Journal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Hip And Back Fractures Increase Mortality Rates In People Older Than 50." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 August 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090804071406.htm>.
Canadian Medical Association Journal. (2009, August 4). Hip And Back Fractures Increase Mortality Rates In People Older Than 50. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090804071406.htm
Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Hip And Back Fractures Increase Mortality Rates In People Older Than 50." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090804071406.htm (accessed April 19, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, April 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) In a potential breakthrough for future obesity treatments, scientists have used MRI scans to pinpoint brown fat in a living adult for the first time. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) A new report shows rates of two foodborne infections increased in the U.S. in recent years, while salmonella actually dropped 9 percent. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The breakthrough could mean a cure for some serious diseases and even the possibility of human cloning, but it's all still a way off. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

AP (Apr. 17, 2014) President Barack Obama gave a briefing Thursday announcing 8 million people have signed up under the Affordable Care Act. He blasted continued Republican efforts to repeal the law. (April 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins