Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Hip And Back Fractures Increase Mortality Rates In People Older Than 50

Date:
August 4, 2009
Source:
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Summary:
Vertebral and hip fractures are associated with an increased risk of death, found a new study of 7753 people in Canada aged 50 years and older published in CMAJ. According to the results, approximately 25 percent of people (both men and women) living in the community who develop a hip fracture and 16 percent who develop a spine fracture will die over a 5 year period.

Vertebral and hip fractures are associated with an increased risk of death, found a new study of 7753 people in Canada aged 50 years and older published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. According to the results, approximately 25% of people (both men and women) living in the community who develop a hip fracture and 16% who develop a spine fracture will die over a 5 year period.

The 5 year study, part of the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study, consisted of 2187 men and 5566 women from across Canada. It differs from other previous studies in that the study group is representative of the general population and participants were recruited through telephone lists by postal code areas. Previous studies have included only women, participants from specific geographic areas, patients with osteoporosis or have looked at only one type of fracture.

Fractures are associated with negative outcomes such as pain, immobility and reduced health-related quality of life.

All types of fractures were more common in women than men except for rib fractures. Other factors affecting mortality including smoking status, physical activity, and comorbidity of other diseases.

"Hip fractures may have long-lasting effects that result in eventual death by signalling or actually inducing a progressive decline in health," write Dr. George Ioannidis and coauthors. "Our results also showed that vertebral fracture was an independent predictor of death."

The authors conclude that interventions must be introduced to reduce the likelihood of fractures, such as osteoporosis medications, fall prevention strategies, hip protectors and enhanced rehabilitation after fracture to improve mobility and strength.

In a related commentary, Dr. Karim Khan and Dr. Maureen Ashe write that cognitive impairment and dementia are major risk factors for fall-related fractures but patients with these conditions are usually difficult to recruit and thus under-represented in cohort studies. "If this was the case in this Canadian cohort (and it most likely was), the mortality data may contain "healthy volunteer bias" and the population mortality rates may be even higher than reported by Ioannidis and colleagues." They conclude that post-fracture care could be improved for this condition that kills at least 25% of people with fractures from falls within 12 months.

Dr. Khan and Dr. Ashe are with the Centre for Hip Health and Mobility at Vancouver General Hospital and the University of British Columbia.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Canadian Medical Association Journal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Hip And Back Fractures Increase Mortality Rates In People Older Than 50." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 August 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090804071406.htm>.
Canadian Medical Association Journal. (2009, August 4). Hip And Back Fractures Increase Mortality Rates In People Older Than 50. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090804071406.htm
Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Hip And Back Fractures Increase Mortality Rates In People Older Than 50." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090804071406.htm (accessed April 24, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, April 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Big Pharma Braces for M&A Wave

Big Pharma Braces for M&A Wave

Reuters - Business Video Online (Apr. 22, 2014) Big pharma on the move as Novartis boss, Joe Jimenez, tells Reuters about plans to transform his company via an asset exchange with GSK, and Astra Zeneca shares surge on speculation that Pfizer is looking for a takeover. Joanna Partridge reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Study Says Most Crime Not Linked To Mental Illness

Study Says Most Crime Not Linked To Mental Illness

Newsy (Apr. 22, 2014) A new study finds most crimes committed by people with mental illness are not caused by symptoms of their illness or disorder. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Hagel Gets Preview of New High-Tech Projects

Hagel Gets Preview of New High-Tech Projects

AP (Apr. 22, 2014) Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel is given hands-on demonstrations Tuesday of some of the newest research from DARPA _ the military's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency program. (April 22) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Smaller Plates And Cutlery Could Make You Feel Fuller

How Smaller Plates And Cutlery Could Make You Feel Fuller

Newsy (Apr. 22, 2014) NBC's "Today" conducted an experiment to see if changing the size of plates and utensils affects the amount individuals eat. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins