Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Noninvasive Ventilation Should Be Used In Epidemics Contrary To Current Recommendations

Date:
September 28, 2009
Source:
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Summary:
Contrary to current policies recommending that noninvasive ventilation be avoided during an infectious outbreak, the authors of a commentary argue that it should be used in this setting.

Contrary to current policies recommending that non-invasive ventilation be avoided during an infectious outbreak, the authors of a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) argue that it should be used in this setting.

Related Articles


Non-invasive ventilation uses a mask interface to ventilate the lungs of patients in respiratory failure, rather than a tube inserted into the trachea. Because suitable candidates for noninvasive ventilation avoid complications associated with endotracheal intubation, they have better outcomes compared to similar patients who are ventilated invasively.

Prohibitions against non-invasive ventilation were implemented during the SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) outbreak in 2003 because it was thought that flow from the mask increased the risk of infectious transmission to staff. Since then, the World Health Organization, the United Kingdom's National Health Agency, the Hong Kong Lung Association, the American Association of Respiratory Care and Ontario's Provincial Infectious Diseases Advisory Committee have published guidelines that treat non-invasive ventilation as a high-risk procedure.

"During the SARS epidemic, the suggestion that non-invasive ventilation may increase the risk of disease transmission was considered sufficient justification to avoid its use. However in the 6 years since then, no convincing evidence has substantiated that theory. On the other hand, non-invasive ventilation has been proven to save the lives of some patients in acute respiratory failure", write John McCracken, a respiratory therapist at Peterborough Regional Health Centre in Peterborough Ontario Canada and Dr. Karen Burns of St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto.

"It is in no one's best interest for patients to undergo endotracheal intubation in cases where it could be avoided." "Given the available evidence, the precautionary principle would direct us toward the use of noninvasive ventilation during an epidemic," write the authors.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Canadian Medical Association Journal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Noninvasive Ventilation Should Be Used In Epidemics Contrary To Current Recommendations." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 September 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090928131016.htm>.
Canadian Medical Association Journal. (2009, September 28). Noninvasive Ventilation Should Be Used In Epidemics Contrary To Current Recommendations. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 30, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090928131016.htm
Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Noninvasive Ventilation Should Be Used In Epidemics Contrary To Current Recommendations." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090928131016.htm (accessed January 30, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, January 30, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Oxfam Calls for Massive Aid for Ebola-Hit West Africa

Oxfam Calls for Massive Aid for Ebola-Hit West Africa

AFP (Jan. 29, 2015) Oxfam International has called for a multi-million dollar post-Ebola "Marshall Plan", with financial support given by wealthy countries, to help Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia to recover. Duration: 01:10 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Are We Winning The Fight Against Ebola?

Are We Winning The Fight Against Ebola?

Newsy (Jan. 29, 2015) The World Health Organization announced the fight against Ebola has entered its second phase as the number of cases per week has steadily dropped. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Calif. Health Officials Campaign Against E-Cigarettes

Calif. Health Officials Campaign Against E-Cigarettes

Newsy (Jan. 29, 2015) The California Health Department says e-cigarettes are a public health risk for both smokers and those who inhale e-cig smoke secondhand. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Measles Scare Sends 66 Calif. Students Home

Measles Scare Sends 66 Calif. Students Home

AP (Jan. 29, 2015) Officials say 66 students at a Southern California high school have been told to stay home through the end of next week because they may have been exposed to measles and are not vaccinated. (Jan. 29) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins