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Heart failure linked to gene variant affecting vitamin D activation

Date:
December 2, 2009
Source:
University of Michigan Health System
Summary:
Previous studies have shown a link between low vitamin D status and heart disease. Now a new study shows that patients with high blood pressure who possess a gene variant that affects an enzyme critical to normal vitamin D activation are twice as likely as those without the variant to have congestive heart failure.
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Previous studies have shown a link between low vitamin D status and heart disease. Now a new study shows that patients with high blood pressure who possess a gene variant that affects an enzyme critical to normal vitamin D activation are twice as likely as those without the variant to have congestive heart failure.

"This study is the first indication of a genetic link between vitamin D action and heart disease," says Robert U. Simpson, professor of pharmacology at the University of Michigan Medical School and one of the authors of the study in the journal Pharmacogenomics.

"This study revealed that a critical enzyme absolutely required for production of the vitamin D hormone has a genetic variant associated with the development of congestive heart failure," Simpson says. "If subsequent studies confirm this finding and demonstrate a mechanism, this means that in the future, we may be able to screen earlier for those most vulnerable and slow the progress of the disease." Such a screening test would be years away.

Study co-authors Russel A. Wilke of the Medical College of Wisconsin and Catherine A. McCarthy of the Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation in Marshfield, Wis., analyzed the genetic profiles of 617 subjects from the Marshfield Clinic Personalized Medicine Project, a large DNA biobank. They looked for variants in five candidate genes chosen for their roles in vitamin D regulation and hypertension. One-third of the subjects had both hypertension and congestive heart failure, one-third had hypertension alone and one-third were included as healthy controls.

The results showed that a variant in the CYP27B1 gene was associated with congestive heart failure in patients with hypertension. It is already known that mutations that inactivate this gene reduce the required conversion of vitamin D into an active hormone.

"This initial study needs to be confirmed with a larger study that would permit analysis of the full cardiovascular profile of the population possessing the gene variant," Simpson says. A future study also would need to include people of more diverse origins than this study's population of mostly European ancestry, the authors say.

Citation: Pharmacogenomics, (2009) 10(11):1789-97

Additional authors: Bikol N. Mukesh, Satya V. Bhupathi, Richard A. Dart and Nader R. Ghebranious, Center for Human Genetics, Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation

Funding: was provided by the National Institutes of Health, Marshfield Clinic Personalized Medicine Research Project, Abbott Laboratories and the Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research.

The research was funded in part by donors to cardiology research at Marshfield Clinic. Robert Simpson has a financial interest in and is president of Cardiavent, Inc., a company that is developing an analog (CARDO24) of vitamin D to treat cardiovascular diseases.


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by University of Michigan Health System. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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University of Michigan Health System. "Heart failure linked to gene variant affecting vitamin D activation." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 December 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091201182624.htm>.
University of Michigan Health System. (2009, December 2). Heart failure linked to gene variant affecting vitamin D activation. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 30, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091201182624.htm
University of Michigan Health System. "Heart failure linked to gene variant affecting vitamin D activation." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091201182624.htm (accessed August 30, 2015).

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