Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Lung cancer: Split-course palliative radiotherapy confirmed as effective treatment for advanced NSCLC

Date:
February 16, 2010
Source:
International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Summary:
A new study sought to assess the overall efficacy of split-course palliative chest radiotherapy for symptom relief in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Additionally, researchers investigated the impact the regimen's two-week break has on survival outcomes.

Research published in the February edition of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology sought to assess the overall efficacy of split-course palliative chest radiotherapy (RT) for symptom relief in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Additionally, researchers investigated the impact the regimen's two-week break has on survival outcomes.

The majority of lung cancer patients present with locally advanced or stage IV disease. The primary challenge in treating these patients is that most present with poor performance status, and the benefit of treatment may be doubtful because of poor tolerance to any form of therapy. Palliative chest RT for lung malignancies has shown to be effective in relieving serious chest symptoms from tumor bleeding or mass effect on major airways, vessels and nerves. However, there is a lack of consensus for an optimal palliative RT regimen.

Researchers reviewed the medical records of 140 patients in a retrospective analysis. The team evaluated symptom relief and toxicity during and after completion of RT treatment from clinician notes and patient-reported symptom inventory forms. Then, the researchers examined the impact of the treatment regimen on survival rates. Symptomatic relief was observed in all types of chest symptoms with an extent ranging from 52-84 percent. Long-lasting symptom relief was experienced in 58 percent of patients. Therapy was well-tolerated, and toxicity was mild and transient, with grade 1 or 2 treatment-related esophagitis completely resolved during the two-week break. Furthermore, cancer survival was not adversely affected by a break in treatment.

"Balancing symptomatic relief with the side effects of radiotherapy remains a critical element of patient treatment," explains lead investigator, Su K. Metcalfe, MD, MPH of the James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at the University of Rochester. "Our selection design represents a viable option for patients who cannot tolerate continuous radiation treatment courses. Furthermore, the study's finding provides the basis for future large prospective studies that evaluate split-course palliative chest radiotherapy against other regimens.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. "Lung cancer: Split-course palliative radiotherapy confirmed as effective treatment for advanced NSCLC." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 February 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100216182027.htm>.
International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. (2010, February 16). Lung cancer: Split-course palliative radiotherapy confirmed as effective treatment for advanced NSCLC. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 16, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100216182027.htm
International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. "Lung cancer: Split-course palliative radiotherapy confirmed as effective treatment for advanced NSCLC." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100216182027.htm (accessed April 16, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola Outbreak Now Linked To 121 Deaths

Ebola Outbreak Now Linked To 121 Deaths

Newsy (Apr. 15, 2014) The ebola virus outbreak in West Africa is now linked to 121 deaths. Health officials fear the virus will continue to spread in urban areas. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Cognitive Function: Is It All Downhill From Age 24?

Cognitive Function: Is It All Downhill From Age 24?

Newsy (Apr. 15, 2014) A new study out of Canada says cognitive motor performance begins deteriorating around age 24. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Mt. Everest Helped Scientists Research Diabetes

How Mt. Everest Helped Scientists Research Diabetes

Newsy (Apr. 15, 2014) British researchers were able to use Mount Everest's low altitudes to study insulin resistance. They hope to find ways to treat diabetes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Carpenter's Injury Leads To Hundreds Of 3-D-Printed Hands

Carpenter's Injury Leads To Hundreds Of 3-D-Printed Hands

Newsy (Apr. 14, 2014) Richard van As lost all fingers on his right hand in a woodworking accident. Now, he's used the incident to create a prosthetic to help hundreds. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins