Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Bio-based compound provides substitute for important raw material in plastic products

Date:
July 23, 2010
Source:
NWO (Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research)
Summary:
Soft drink bottles and fleece blankets are set to become more environmentally friendly. A Dutch researcher has made a bio-based compound that can act as a substitute for one of the most important raw materials for plastic products. The U.S. Department of Energy has awarded the new material a place in the top 12 of the most promising biological materials for the chemical industry.

Soft drink bottles and fleece blankets are set to become more environmentally friendly. NWO researcher Frank Koopman has made a bio-based compound that can act as a substitute for one of the most important raw materials for plastic products. The U.S. Department of Energy has awarded the new material a place in the top 12 of the most promising biological materials for the chemical industry.

Related Articles


Frank Koopman is undertaking research into the use of bio-based raw materials for the production of chemicals and fuels. Biomass -- such as wood and plant waste -- is sometimes hard to use as a raw material due to the presence of furan aldehydes ((5-hydroxymethylfurfural, abbreviated as HMF, and furfural). These materials are created when biomass is converted into free sugars, as the basis for bio-fuel. Koopman discovered that the bacteria Cupriavidus basilensis consumes these contaminating by-products. Also, these bacteria produce the material FCDA, which can replace one of the raw materials for polyethylene -terephthalate (PET, known from the soft drink bottles and fleeces). This industry is worth billions every year.

Good digestion

Koopman and his colleagues from Delft University of Technology and BIRD Engineering discovered that the chemical compound FDCA (furan dicarboxylic acid) was released when the Cupriavidus basilensis bacteria broke down the HMF. The researchers mapped out the entire digestive process of the bacteria, partly so as to be able to transfer this breakdown cycle to other organisms. The enzyme responsible for the formation of FDCA can fully convert HMF into FDCA, unlike most of the chemical processes. Working in conjunction with Nick Wierckx, Han de Winde and Harald Ruijssenaars, Frank Koopman placed this enzyme in the Pseudomonas putida bacteria, which allows high concentrations of FDCA to be produced at the lab scale. This process is currently undergoing further development at BIRD Engineering.

The decomposition of HMF and furfural make this conversion of biomass into fuel much less expensive. This is because the need for pricey and environmentally unfriendly methods of removing these by-products is done away with. Using wood or plant waste for the production of chemicals and biofuels like bio-ethanol has the benefit that these raw materials are not in competition with food production. Thanks to Koopman's research, wood and plant waste are becoming more attractive alternatives for the production of bio-fuels.

B-BASIC

The research of Koopman, Wierckx, Ruijssenaars and De Winde is part of the B-BASIC consortium. Within B-BASIC (Bio-based Sustainable Industrial Chemistry) Dutch universities, research institutes and industry are working together. The programme focuses on the development of new concepts for the sustainable production of energy and chemicals. In this project the team collaborated with the bioconversion workgroup of TNO. B-BASIC is part of ACTS (Advanced Chemical Technologies for Sustainability), the NWO platform for public-private research in the area of sustainable chemical technology.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by NWO (Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

NWO (Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research). "Bio-based compound provides substitute for important raw material in plastic products." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 July 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100722092328.htm>.
NWO (Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research). (2010, July 23). Bio-based compound provides substitute for important raw material in plastic products. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 6, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100722092328.htm
NWO (Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research). "Bio-based compound provides substitute for important raw material in plastic products." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100722092328.htm (accessed March 6, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Matter & Energy News

Friday, March 6, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Gas Production Cut on Earthquake Fears

Gas Production Cut on Earthquake Fears

Reuters - Business Video Online (Mar. 5, 2015) The Dutch government has cut production at Europe&apos;s largest gas field in Groningen amid concerns over earthquakes which are damaging local churches. As Amy Pollock reports the decision - largely politically-motivated - could have big economic conseqeunces. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Star Wars-Inspired Prototype Creates Holographic Display

Star Wars-Inspired Prototype Creates Holographic Display

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Mar. 5, 2015) A prototype holographic display named Leia - after the Star Wars princess who appeared in holographic form asking Obi-Wan Kenobu for help - is demonstrated at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona. Matthew Stock reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
IKEA and Samsung Launch Embedded Wireless Charging Range

IKEA and Samsung Launch Embedded Wireless Charging Range

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Mar. 5, 2015) Samsung and IKEA hope their new embedded wireless charging products, launched at Barcelona&apos;s Mobile World Congress, will tempt consumers eager for plugless power. Jim Drury reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Samsung Unveils $30,000 'Dream Doghouse'

Samsung Unveils $30,000 'Dream Doghouse'

Buzz60 (Mar. 5, 2015) On display at the Crufts dog show in England, the &apos;dog kennel of the future&apos; comes with features like a doggie treadmill and Samsung tablet. Mike Janela (@mikejanela) has more. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Space & Time

Matter & Energy

Computers & Math

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins