Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Preventing HIV-associated nephropathy

Date:
July 28, 2010
Source:
American Journal of Pathology
Summary:
Researchers have identified mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) as a therapeutic target for HIV-associated nephropathy.

Dr. Pravin C. Singal and colleagues at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, NY; the Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas; and New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY have identified mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) as a therapeutic target for HIV-associated nephropathy.

These results are presented in the August 2010 issue of the American Journal of Pathology.

HIV-associated nephropathy, or kidney disease that develops in association with HIV infection, usually occurs only with advanced disease. HIV-associated nephropathy may be caused by direct HIV-1 infection in the renal cells, with resulting renal damage through the viral gene products, or by changes in the release of inflammatory molecules during HIV infection.

HIV-associated nephropathy is characterized by cell proliferation in affected kidney lesions. To determine if mTOR, which plays a key role in cell growth, was involved in this proliferative phenotype, Kumar et al examined mTOR activation in a mouse model of the disease. Both mTOR and its downstream targets were activated at higher levels in diseased mice as compared with controls, indicating enhanced activation of the mTOR signaling pathway. In addition, both mTOR activation and renal disease could be blocked by treatment with rapamycin, which inhibits the mTOR pathway. This report therefore supports mTOR as a therapeutic target for HIV-associated nephropathy.

Dr. Singal's group concludes that "mTOR pathway activation is contributing to both the proliferative phenotype as well as to the development of [HIV-associated nephropathy."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Journal of Pathology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Kumar D, Konkimalla S, Yadav A, Sataranatarajan K, Kasinath BS, Chander PN, Singhal PC. HIV-associated Nephropathy: Role of mTOR Pathway. Am J Pathol, 2010; 177: 813-821

Cite This Page:

American Journal of Pathology. "Preventing HIV-associated nephropathy." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 July 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100728121022.htm>.
American Journal of Pathology. (2010, July 28). Preventing HIV-associated nephropathy. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 16, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100728121022.htm
American Journal of Pathology. "Preventing HIV-associated nephropathy." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100728121022.htm (accessed September 16, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

Newsy (Sep. 16, 2014) President Obama is expected to send 3,000 troops to West Africa as part of the effort to contain Ebola's spread. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Man Floats for 31 Hours in Gulf Waters

Man Floats for 31 Hours in Gulf Waters

AP (Sep. 16, 2014) A Texas man is lucky to be alive after he and three others floated for more than a day in the Gulf of Mexico when their boat sank during a fishing trip. (Sept. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
EU Ministers and Experts Meet to Discuss Ebola Reponse

EU Ministers and Experts Meet to Discuss Ebola Reponse

AFP (Sep. 15, 2014) The European Commission met on Monday to coordinate aid that the EU can offer to African countries affected by the Ebola outbreak. Duration: 00:58 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Despite The Risks, Antibiotics Still Overprescribed For Kids

Despite The Risks, Antibiotics Still Overprescribed For Kids

Newsy (Sep. 15, 2014) A new study finds children are prescribed antibiotics twice as often as is necessary. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

    Environment News

      Technology News



      Save/Print:
      Share:

      Free Subscriptions


      Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

      Get Social & Mobile


      Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

      Have Feedback?


      Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
      Mobile: iPhone Android Web
      Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
      Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
      Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins