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Body temperature sensor, TRPM2, promotes insulin secretion

Date:
January 5, 2011
Source:
National Institute for Physiological Sciences
Summary:
Researchers in Japan have found that the TRPM2 ion channel in pancreatic beta-cells is important for insulin secretion stimulated by glucose and gastrointestinal hormone (incretin) secreted after food intake.
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A research group in Japan led by professor Makoto Tominaga and Dr. Kunitoshi Uchida, National institute for Physiological Sciences (NIPS), has found that the TRPM2 ion channel in pancreatic beta-cells is important for insulin secretion stimulated by glucose and gastrointestinal hormone (incretin) secreted after food intake.

Their finding was reported in the journal Diabetes.

Diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by lack of insulin secretion from pancreatic cells, or less response to the secreted insulin, which raises the blood glucose levels, and as a result, causes serious disorders. It is said that at least 171 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes mellitus, and its incidence is increasing rapidly. Clarify the mechanisms of insulin secretion is important for the development of diabetes therapy. Here, this research group focused on TRPM2 acting as a body temperature sensor.

TRPM2 is a temperature-sensitive Ca2+-permeable channel and expressed in pancreatic beta-cells. They found that TRPM2-deficient mice have shown the higher blood glucose levels with impaired insulin secretion compared with wild-type mice. Furthermore, TRPM2-deficient pancreatic beta-cells showed smaller intracellular Ca2+ increase and lesser insulin secretion stimulated by glucose and incretin.

Professor Makoto Tominaga and Dr. Kunitoshi Uchida said,"TRPM2 may control insulin secretion levels mainly by modulating intracellular Ca2+ concentrations. Finding the substance which stimulates TRPM2 effectively could lead to the development of a new therapy for diabetes mellitus."

This result is based on a collaborative research with Professor Minokoshi, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism (NIPS), Professor Yada, Division of Integrative Physiolosy Department of Physiology (Jichi Medical University), and Professor Mori, Graduate School of Engineering (Kyoto University).


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by National Institute for Physiological Sciences. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. K. Uchida, K. Dezaki, B. Damdindorj, H. Inada, T. Shiuchi, Y. Mori, T. Yada, Y. Minokoshi, M. Tominaga. Lack of TRPM2 Impaired Insulin Secretion and Glucose Metabolisms in Mice. Diabetes, 2010; 60 (1): 119 DOI: 10.2337/db10-0276

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National Institute for Physiological Sciences. "Body temperature sensor, TRPM2, promotes insulin secretion." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 January 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110104101403.htm>.
National Institute for Physiological Sciences. (2011, January 5). Body temperature sensor, TRPM2, promotes insulin secretion. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 5, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110104101403.htm
National Institute for Physiological Sciences. "Body temperature sensor, TRPM2, promotes insulin secretion." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110104101403.htm (accessed September 5, 2015).

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