Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Catheterization recommended for treating pediatric heart conditions

Date:
May 2, 2011
Source:
American Heart Association
Summary:
Because of new developments in procedures, technology and expertise, considerations for using catheterization to treat children born with heart defects in addition to its role in diagnosis are reviewed.

Doctors should consider using catheterization as a treatment tool in addition to its established role in diagnosing children with heart defects, according to a new American Heart Association scientific statement.

A catheter is a thin flexible tube inserted into a blood vessel and used in procedures such as angiography, in which physicians use the catheter to inject dye into the arteries near the heart to illuminate the vessels via X-ray technology. It can also open a valve, enlarge a narrow blood vessel, close a hole in the heart or close off a blood vessel.

The statement, published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association, is a major overhaul of the association's last statement released in 1998.

"What we can offer patients now, versus just 10 or 15 years ago, is remarkably different," said Timothy F. Feltes, M.D., lead author of the statement and chief of pediatric cardiology and professor of pediatrics at The Ohio State University. "There have been tremendous advances in the procedures, devices, experience and the expertise of the physicians who perform the procedures. As physicians caring for patients with congenital heart disease, we have to look at heart catheterizations a little differently than we have in the past."

The statement provides an extensive inventory of diagnostic and interventional techniques that are now considered as options for pediatric patients, noting that catherization procedures carry a degree of risk for patients.

Some of the 22 new therapeutic options for congenital heart disease include catheter-based techniques to: improve blood flow through the heart; repair inborn heart defects such as holes in the heart, repair or replace faulty valves; remove arterial blockages and many other conditions, such as malformed heart chambers.

In addition, the statement covers several hybrid procedures that use traditional surgical techniques in combination with catherization for treating conditions such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome (severe under development of the left side of the heart), stent implantation (to widen arteries and keep them open) and others.

The take-home message of this statement, Feltes said, is that "there are numerous conditions that are best served by interventional catheterization procedures."

The statement is key to cardiologists who treat pediatric defects, because there are few other sources of such information. "By virtue of the relatively small number of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease, it is difficult to design clinical trials. Ideally, you need thousands of patients to compare one treatment versus another. Only one child in 100 is born with heart disease, so it is very unlikely that one center will have more than one patient to do a side-by-side comparison," Feltes said.

The Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions and the American Academy of Pediatrics endorsed the statement.

Co-authors are: Emile Bacha, M.D., chair; Robert H. Beekman III, M.D.; John P. Cheatham, M.D.; Jeffrey A. Feinstein, M.D., M.P.H.; Antoinette S. Gomes, M.D.; Ziyad M. Hijazi, M.D., M.P.H.; Frank F. Ing, M.D.; Michael de Moor, MB.BCh.; W. Robert Morrow, M.D.; Charles E. Mullins, M.D.; Kathryn A. Taubert, Ph.D. and Evan M. Zahn, M.D. Author disclosures are on the manuscript.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Heart Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Timothy F. Feltes, Emile Bacha, Robert H. Beekman III, John P. Cheatham, Jeffrey A. Feinstein, Antoinette S. Gomes, Ziyad M. Hijazi, Frank F. Ing, Michael de Moor, W. Robert Morrow, Charles E. Mullins, Kathryn A. Taubert, Evan M. Zahn, and on behalf of the American Heart Association Congenital Cardiac DefectsCommittee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council on Clinical Cardiology, and Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention. Indications for Cardiac Catheterization and Intervention in Pediatric Cardiac Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation, 2011; DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e31821b1f10

Cite This Page:

American Heart Association. "Catheterization recommended for treating pediatric heart conditions." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 May 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110502161359.htm>.
American Heart Association. (2011, May 2). Catheterization recommended for treating pediatric heart conditions. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110502161359.htm
American Heart Association. "Catheterization recommended for treating pediatric heart conditions." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110502161359.htm (accessed September 20, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, September 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Sierra Leone's Nationwide Ebola Curfew Underway

Sierra Leone's Nationwide Ebola Curfew Underway

Newsy (Sep. 20, 2014) Sierra Leone is locked down as aid workers and volunteers look for new cases of Ebola. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Changes Found In Brain After One Dose Of Antidepressants

Changes Found In Brain After One Dose Of Antidepressants

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) A study suggest antidepressants can kick in much sooner than previously thought. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) The study found elderly people are much more likely to become susceptible to infection than younger adults going though a similar situation. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

AP (Sep. 19, 2014) A federal jury has convicted three people in connection with an outbreak of salmonella poisoning five years ago that sickened hundreds of people and was linked to a number of deaths. (Sept. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins