Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Kidney cancer discovery could expand treatment options

Date:
July 7, 2011
Source:
Oregon Health & Science University
Summary:
Researchers uncovered a gene that may be the key to helping kidney cancer patients who don't respond to current therapies. This discovery could also provide a toolkit to identify patients who are most likely to benefit from drugs that block this gene from causing cancer cells to grow.

Oregon Health & Science University Knight Cancer Institute researchers uncovered a gene that may be the key to helping kidney cancer patients who don't respond to current therapies. This discovery could also provide a toolkit to identify patients who are most likely to benefit from drugs that block this gene from causing cancer cells to grow.

The OHSU study, published in the June 1 edition of Science Translational Medicine, identified a gene called Src that helps certain kidney cancers grow. Discovering that Src plays a role in kidney cancer could help in delivering more effective, individualized treatments to patients, said George Thomas, M.D., the study's senior author and a surgical pathologist at the OHSU Knight Cancer Institute.

The next step, Thomas said, is initiating clinical trials to test how these tumors respond to drugs already available and approved by the FDA.

There are many implications for the Src findings. Last year alone, kidney cancer accounted for about 58,000 new cases of cancer and 13,000 deaths in the United States. More than a quarter of these patients have metastatic disease when their cancer is discovered, and patients who are treated with surgery frequently relapse.

Currently, treatment of kidney cancer is primarily focused on blocking the formation of new blood vessels. While this strategy has been successful in the short term, it does not cure the patient and, more importantly, there are subgroups of patients who don't experience any benefit from these drugs.

"Our preclinical tests found that cancer cells that have increased Src activity were more sensitive to dasatinib (Sprycel), an FDA-approved drug that inhibits Src, both in tissue culture and when grown as tumors in mice," Thomas said.

But there's also a kicker. Thomas and his colleagues developed a panel of clinical markers that could potentially select patients most likely to benefit from Src inhibitors.

Thomas credits the multidisciplinary approach for the study's success. The importance of Src was discovered because of a sophisticated mass spectrometry based assay, called a phospho-proteomics that analyzes activated proteins.

"We had hypothesized that phospho-proteomic screens could rapidly uncover proteins that could be targets for drugs, so that is why we pursued this line of research," Thomas said.

When the screening process suggested that the Src signaling network was activated, indicating that it was playing a role in the growth of cancer cells, it was a surprise. "Src was certainly was not on my radar," Thomas said.

The next step was to look at the role of Src expression in tumor tissues from patients who had previously had their kidney cancers removed.

"We found that patients with tumors expressing high levels of Src had worse survival rates than those patients whose tumors had weak expression of Src. This suggested to us that Src played a role in kidney cancer and that it was a therapeutic target worth exploring."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Oregon Health & Science University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. N. Suwaki, E. Vanhecke, K. M. Atkins, M. Graf, K. Swabey, P. Huang, P. Schraml, H. Moch, A. M. Cassidy, D. Brewer, B. Al-Lazikani, P. Workman, J. De-Bono, S. B. Kaye, J. Larkin, M. E. Gore, C. L. Sawyers, P. Nelson, T. M. Beer, H. Geng, L. Gao, D. Z. Qian, J. J. Alumkal, G. Thomas, G. V. Thomas. A HIF-Regulated VHL-PTP1B-Src Signaling Axis Identifies a Therapeutic Target in Renal Cell Carcinoma. Science Translational Medicine, 2011; 3 (85): 85ra47 DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3002004

Cite This Page:

Oregon Health & Science University. "Kidney cancer discovery could expand treatment options." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 July 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110601142047.htm>.
Oregon Health & Science University. (2011, July 7). Kidney cancer discovery could expand treatment options. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110601142047.htm
Oregon Health & Science University. "Kidney cancer discovery could expand treatment options." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110601142047.htm (accessed April 19, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, April 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) In a potential breakthrough for future obesity treatments, scientists have used MRI scans to pinpoint brown fat in a living adult for the first time. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) A new report shows rates of two foodborne infections increased in the U.S. in recent years, while salmonella actually dropped 9 percent. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The breakthrough could mean a cure for some serious diseases and even the possibility of human cloning, but it's all still a way off. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

AP (Apr. 17, 2014) President Barack Obama gave a briefing Thursday announcing 8 million people have signed up under the Affordable Care Act. He blasted continued Republican efforts to repeal the law. (April 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins