Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Advances in delivery of therapeutic genes to treat brain tumors

Date:
June 27, 2011
Source:
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Summary:
Novel tools and methods for delivering therapeutic genes to cells in the central nervous system hold great promise for the development of new treatments to combat incurable neurologic diseases.

Novel tools and methods for delivering therapeutic genes to cells in the central nervous system hold great promise for the development of new treatments to combat incurable neurologic diseases. Five of the most exciting developments in this rapidly advancing field are presented in a series of articles in the June issue of Human Gene Therapy, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

The articles are available free online at www.liebertpub.com/hum

A review article by Betley and Sternson, "Adeno-Associated Viral Vectors for Mapping, Monitoring, and Manipulating Neural Circuits," highlights the latest genetic tools that are enabling cell type-specific delivery of transgenes for studying the structure and function of neuronal circuits.

Ryu et al. report on the successful use of stem cells derived from human umbilical cord blood to deliver a novel therapeutic gene -- interleukin-12 -- to the brain for long-term anti-tumor activity against gliomas, a deadly type of brain tumor. Their innovative strategy is presented in the research report "Gene Therapy of Intracranial Glioma Using Interleukin 12-Secreting Human Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells."

"High-Density Lipoprotein Facilitates In Vivo Delivery of α-Tocopherol-Conjugated Short-Interfering RNA to the Brain" by Uno et al. describes a combination strategy for dramatically improved delivery of siRNAs to the brain to silence genes involved in neurological disease.

Loss of the neurotrophic factor GDNF contributes to the development of neuropathic pain caused by trauma or neurodegenerative disease. Shi et al. present data to support this link and demonstrate the potential to replace GDNF via intramuscular gene delivery in the article "Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene Transfer Exerts Protective Effect on Axons in Sciatic Nerve Following Constriction-Induced Peripheral Nerve Injury."

The use of adenoviral vectors as carriers of therapeutic genes to the cerebrospinal fluid has the potential to enable long-term gene expression for the treatment of neurological diseases. In the brief report "Intrathecal Injection of Helper-Dependent Adenoviral Vectors Results in Long-Term Transgene Expression in Neuroependymal Cells and Neurons" Dindot et al. describe the successful use of adenoviral vectors to transduce neuronal cells.

"Treating neurologic diseases with traditional biologic products such as therapeutic proteins has been challenging due to limited access. The use of vectors helps to overcome these barriers," says James M. Wilson, MD, PhD, Editor-in-Chief, and Director of the Gene Therapy Program, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.. "Advances in delivery of therapeutic genes to treat brain tumors." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 June 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110627134532.htm>.
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.. (2011, June 27). Advances in delivery of therapeutic genes to treat brain tumors. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110627134532.htm
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.. "Advances in delivery of therapeutic genes to treat brain tumors." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110627134532.htm (accessed September 19, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, September 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) The study found elderly people are much more likely to become susceptible to infection than younger adults going though a similar situation. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

AP (Sep. 19, 2014) A federal jury has convicted three people in connection with an outbreak of salmonella poisoning five years ago that sickened hundreds of people and was linked to a number of deaths. (Sept. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
How The 'Angelina Jolie Effect' Increased Cancer Screenings

How The 'Angelina Jolie Effect' Increased Cancer Screenings

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) Angelina's Jolie's decision to undergo a preventative mastectomy in 2013 inspired many women to seek early screenings for the disease. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Cost of Ebola

The Cost of Ebola

Reuters - Business Video Online (Sep. 18, 2014) As Sierra Leone prepares for a three-day "lockdown" in its latest bid to stem the spread of Ebola, Ciara Lee looks at the financial implications of fighting the largest ever outbreak of the disease. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins