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Liver, belly fat may identify high risks of heart disease in obese people

Date:
July 22, 2011
Source:
American Heart Association
Summary:
Increased liver fat and abdominal fat may increase risk of heart disease and other serious health problems, according to researchers. Measuring liver and belly fat may identify obese people at risk of developing abnormal cholesterol. For some obese people, fat is not metabolically detrimental.

Obese people with high levels of abdominal fat and liver fat may face increased risks for heart disease and other serious health problems, according to research published in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology: Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Obesity is commonly associated with heart disease risk and problems called cardiometabolic abnormalities, including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, cholesterol disorders, hypertension and gout.

Researchers in Sweden and Finland found that obese people at the highest risk have increased secretion of liver lipids, more abdominal fat and impaired removal of triglycerides from the blood stream. As such, doctors should routinely check obese patients for intra-abdominal obesity and indications of liver fat, researchers said.

"It is important to recognize that measuring abdominal fat and liver fat can identify the patients at high risk for metabolic abnormalities and heart disease," said Jan Boren, M.D., Ph.D., study senior author and professor of molecular and clinical medicine at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden. "Such exams are important because up to 20 percent of the obese appear to be "metabolically normal."

The researchers investigated what makes some obese people develop lipid disorders. They found that liver fat is strongly associated with increased secretion of very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), which contain the highest amount of triglycerides. High levels of triglycerides carry an increased risk of metabolic abnormalities and increased risk of heart disease and premature death.

"Increased liver fat is dangerous, as it is linked with many known heart disease risk factors," said Marja-Riitta Taskinen, M.D., Ph.D. study co-author and professor of medicine at the University of Helsinki in Finland. "Lifestyle modifications such as exercise and weight loss can reduce liver fat and the secretion of lipoproteins."

In the study, middle-aged Caucasian Finnish men were divided into three groups: 14 obese men had high triglycerides; 14 obese men had normal triglycerides and 10 men who were not obese and had normal triglycerides served as controls. The obese men's average age was 52 to 55 years. The non-obese men's average age was 48 years.

Researchers used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy to measure liver fat, while subcutaneous abdominal and visceral fat were measured by magnetic resonance imaging.

The results showed that triglyceride levels in the obese men were higher as a result of the increased secretion coupled with severely impaired clearance of triglyceride-rich VLDL particles. Researchers also found:

  • The obese men with elevated triglycerides had a liver fat content of 13 percent.
  • The obese men with normal triglycerides had a 6.9 percent liver fat content.
  • The non-obese men had a 2.9 percent liver fat content.

Researchers plan to conduct a similar study in women.

Other co-authors are: Martin Adiels, Ph.D.; Jukka Westerbacka, M.D., Ph.D.; Sanni Soderllund, M.D.; Juhani Kahri, M.D., Ph.D.; Nina Lundbom, M.D., Ph.D.; Jesper Lundbom, M.S.; Antti Hakkaarain, B.S.; Swen-Olof Olofsson, M.D., Ph.D. and Marja Ortho-Melander, Ph.D.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Heart Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Marja-Riitta Taskinen, Martin Adiels, Jukka Westerbacka, Sanni Sφderlund, Juhani Kahri, Nina Lundbom, Jesper Lundbom, Antti Hakkarainen, Sven-Olof Olofsson, Marju Orho-Melander, Jan Borιn. Dual Metabolic Defects Are Required to Produce Hypertriglyceridemia in Obese Subjects. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, 2011; DOI: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.111.224808

Cite This Page:

American Heart Association. "Liver, belly fat may identify high risks of heart disease in obese people." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 July 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110721163021.htm>.
American Heart Association. (2011, July 22). Liver, belly fat may identify high risks of heart disease in obese people. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 26, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110721163021.htm
American Heart Association. "Liver, belly fat may identify high risks of heart disease in obese people." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110721163021.htm (accessed November 26, 2014).

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