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Parabolic mirrors concentrate sunlight to power lasers

Date:
September 13, 2011
Source:
American Institute of Physics
Summary:
Borrowing from modern telescope design, researchers have proposed a way to concentrate sunlight to ramp up laser efficiency.

Legend tells of Greek engineer and inventor Archimedes using parabolic mirrors to create "heat rays" to burn the ships attacking Syracuse. Though the underpinnings of that claim are speculative at best, a modern-day team of researchers at the Scientific and Production Association in Uzbekistan has proposed a more scientifically sound method of harnessing parabolic mirrors to drive solar-powered lasers.

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Small scale analogs of giant reflector telescopes, these proposed ceramic lasers would convert an impressive 35 percent of the Sun's energy into a laser light, providing a considerable increase in the maximum power produced by current-day solar pumped lasers, which typically achieve only a 1-2 percent efficiency.

As outlined in the AIP's Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, the new solar lasers would concentrate light with a small parabolic mirror 1 meter in diameter that has a focal spot approximately 2-3 centimeters in diameter. The concentrated light would then strike a two-layer ceramic disk known as a Neodymium and Chromium co-doped YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet) laser material.

One side of the disk would have a highly reflective coating; the other side would be anti-reflecting. When sunlight penetrates through the ceramic material, it excites the electrons in the material, causing them to emit laser light of a specific wavelength (1.06 micrometers). To control the searing heat produced by the concentrated sunlight, the ceramic disk would be mounted atop a heat sink through which water would be pumped.

The laser light would then travel to a prime focus and be reflected back to the ceramic surface before exiting the solar collector at an oblique angle. It's this "double pass" path that produces the gain in efficiency, enabling a greater fraction of sunlight to be converted into laser light. Potentially, parabolic reflector lasers could be harnessed for the large-scale synthesis of nanoparticles and nanostructures.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Institute of Physics. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Shermakhamat Payziyev, Sagdilla Bakhramov, Abdugappar Kasimov. “Transformation of concentrated sunlight into laser radiation on small parabolic mirrors. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2011; (accepted)

Cite This Page:

American Institute of Physics. "Parabolic mirrors concentrate sunlight to power lasers." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 September 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110912143412.htm>.
American Institute of Physics. (2011, September 13). Parabolic mirrors concentrate sunlight to power lasers. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110912143412.htm
American Institute of Physics. "Parabolic mirrors concentrate sunlight to power lasers." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110912143412.htm (accessed November 22, 2014).

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