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Negative emotions influence brain activity during anticipation and experience of pain

Date:
September 20, 2011
Source:
American Gastroenterological Association
Summary:
Neuroticism -- the tendency to experience negative emotions -- significantly affects brain processing during pain, as well as during the anticipation of pain.

Neuroticism -- the tendency to experience negative emotions -- significantly affects brain processing during pain, as well as during the anticipation of pain, according to a new study in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association. Neuroticism tends to be higher in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and is a risk factor for chronic, unexplained pain in IBS.

"Patients who have high expectations of pain may have a harder time coping with the actual source of pain, as is often seen in patients with irritable bowel syndrome," said Steven J. Coen, PhD, of the Wingate Institute of Neurogastroenterology and lead author of this study.

Researchers of this study observed higher levels of neuroticism associated with brain activity during anticipation of pain in regions of the brain responsible for emotional and cognitive pain processing. During pain, however, activity in these regions was reduced. This behavior may help explain the greater incidence of those with higher neuroticism attending outpatient pain clinics and being at greater risk for developing chronic pain conditions.

"Previous research has shown that there is a connection between a patient's emotions and their perceived levels of pain, especially in gastrointestinal disorders," explained Dr. Coen. "Our study shows a patient's state of mind should be noted by their physician and taken into account when determining treatment regimens -- both behavioral and pharmacologic."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Gastroenterological Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Steven J. Coen, Michiko Kano, Adam D. Farmer, Veena Kumari, Vincent Giampietro, Mick Brammer, Steven C.R. Williams, Qasim Aziz. Neuroticism Influences Brain Activity During the Experience of Visceral Pain. Gastroenterology, 2011; 141 (3): 909 DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2011.06.008

Cite This Page:

American Gastroenterological Association. "Negative emotions influence brain activity during anticipation and experience of pain." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 September 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110919113842.htm>.
American Gastroenterological Association. (2011, September 20). Negative emotions influence brain activity during anticipation and experience of pain. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110919113842.htm
American Gastroenterological Association. "Negative emotions influence brain activity during anticipation and experience of pain." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110919113842.htm (accessed April 17, 2014).

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