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Weird world of water gets a little weirder

Date:
November 10, 2011
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Strange, stranger, strangest! To the weird nature of one of the simplest chemical compounds -- the stuff so familiar that even non-scientists know its chemical formula -- add another odd twist. Scientists are reporting that good old H2O, when chilled below the freezing point, can shift into a new type of liquid.

Water. Scientists are reporting that H2O, when chilled below the freezing point, can shift into a new type of liquid.
Credit: Adam Borkowski / Fotolia

Strange, stranger, strangest! To the weird nature of one of the simplest chemical compounds -- the stuff so familiar that even non-scientists know its chemical formula -- add another odd twist. Scientists are reporting that good old H2O, when chilled below the freezing point, can shift into a new type of liquid.

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The report appears in ACS' Journal of Physical Chemistry B.

Pradeep Kumar and H. Eugene Stanley explain that water is one weird substance, exhibiting more than 80 unusual properties, by one count, including some that scientists still struggle to understand. For example, water can exist in all three states of matter (solid, liquid,gas) at the same time. And the forces at its surface enable insects to walk on water and water to rise up from the roots into the leaves of trees and other plants.

In another strange turn, scientists have proposed that water can go from being one type of liquid into another in a so-called "liquid-liquid" phase transition, but it is impossible to test this with today's laboratory equipment because these things happen so fast. That's why Kumar and Stanley used computer simulations to check it out.

They found that when they chilled liquid water in their simulation, its propensity to conduct heat decreases, as expected for an ordinary liquid. But, when they lowered the temperature to about 54 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, the liquid water started to conduct heat even better in the simulation. Their studies suggest that below this temperature, liquid water undergoes sharp but continuous structural changes whereas the local structure of liquid becomes extremely ordered -- very much like ice. These structural changes in liquid water lead to increase of heat conduction at lower temperatures.

The researchers say that this surprising result supports the idea that water has a liquid-liquid phase transition.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Pradeep Kumar, H. Eugene Stanley. Thermal Conductivity Minimum: A New Water Anomaly. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2011; 111013123335006 DOI: 10.1021/jp2051867

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Weird world of water gets a little weirder." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 November 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111109111536.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2011, November 10). Weird world of water gets a little weirder. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 29, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111109111536.htm
American Chemical Society. "Weird world of water gets a little weirder." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111109111536.htm (accessed March 29, 2015).

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