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Standoff sensing enters new realm with dual-laser technique

Date:
March 22, 2012
Source:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Summary:
Identifying chemicals from a distance could take a step forward with the introduction of a new two-laser system.

An infrared pump laser scans a region of interest of the sample and an accompanying probe laser reads out the absorption spectrum of the constituent molecules. An image can thus be formed that represents the molecules making up the sample surface.
Credit: Image courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Identifying chemicals from a distance could take a step forward with the introduction of a two-laser system being developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

In a paper published in the Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Ali Passian and colleagues present a technique that uses a quantum cascade laser to "pump," or strike, a target, and another laser to monitor the material's response as a result of temperature-induced changes. That information allows for the rapid identification of chemicals and biological agents.

"With two lasers, one serves as the pump and the other is the probe," said Passian, a member of ORNL's Measurement Science and Systems Engineering Division. "The novel aspect to our approach is that the second laser extracts information and allows us to do this without resorting to a weak return signal.

"The use of a second laser provides a robust and stable readout approach independent of the pump laser settings."

While this approach is similar to radar and lidar sensing techniques in that it uses a return signal to carry information of the molecules to be detected, it differs in a number of ways.

"First is the use of photothermal spectroscopy configuration where the pump and probe beams are nearly parallel," Passian said. "We use probe beam reflectometry as the return signal in standoff applications, thereby minimizing the need for wavelength-dependent expensive infrared components such as cameras, telescopes and detectors."

This work represents a proof of principle success that Passian and co-author Rubye Farahi said could lead to advances in standoff detectors with potential applications in quality control, forensics, airport security, medicine and the military. In their paper, the researchers also noted that measurements obtained using their technique may set the stage for hyperspectral imaging.

"This would allow us to effectively take slices of chemical images and gain resolution down to individual pixels," said Passian, who added that this observation is based on cell-by-cell measurements obtained with their variation of photothermal spectroscopy. Hyperspectral imaging provides not only high-resolution chemical information, but topographical information as well.

Other authors are ORNL's Laurene Tetard, a Wigner Fellow, and Thomas Thundat of the University of Alberta. Funding for this research was provided by ORNL's Laboratory Directed Research and Development program.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Ali Passian et al. Pump-probe photothermal spectroscopy using quantum cascade lasers. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2012; 45 125101 [link]

Cite This Page:

Oak Ridge National Laboratory. "Standoff sensing enters new realm with dual-laser technique." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 March 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120322173643.htm>.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory. (2012, March 22). Standoff sensing enters new realm with dual-laser technique. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120322173643.htm
Oak Ridge National Laboratory. "Standoff sensing enters new realm with dual-laser technique." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120322173643.htm (accessed September 30, 2014).

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