Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Redefining time: Extremely precise clock signals transmitted over long distances

Date:
April 30, 2012
Source:
Optical Society of America
Summary:
Scientists have successfully sent a highly accurate clock signal across the many hundreds of kilometers of countryside that separate two institutions.

This is a map of Germany showing the path of the 920-kilometer-long optical fiber link from Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics to the Federal Institute of Physical and Technical Affairs. The red houses represent amplifier stations.
Credit: Stefan Droste, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics

Atomic clocks based on the oscillations of a cesium atom keep amazingly steady time and also define the precise length of a second. But cesium clocks are no longer the most accurate. That title has been transferred to an optical clock housed at the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Boulder, Colo. that can keep time to within 1 second in 3.7 billion years. Before this newfound precision can redefine the second, or lead to new applications like ultra-precise navigation, the system used to communicate time around the globe will need an upgrade.

Related Articles


Recently scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, in the south of Germany, and the Federal Institute of Physical and Technical Affairs in the north have taken a first step along that path, successfully sending a highly accurate clock signal across the many hundreds of kilometers of countryside that separate their two institutions.

The researchers will present their finding at Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO: 2012), taking place May 6 -11 in San Jose, Calif.

"Over the last decade a new kind of frequency standard has been developed that is based on optical transitions, the so-called optical clock," says Stefan Droste, a researcher at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics. The NIST optical clock, for example, is more than one hundred times more accurate than the cesium clock that serves as the United States' primary time standard.

Extremely precise time keeping -- and the ability to communicate the world time standard across long distances -- is vital to myriad applications, including in navigation, international commerce, seismology, and fundamental quantum physics. Unfortunately, the satellite-based links currently used to communicate that standard are not up to the task of transmitting such a stable signal, so the second retains its less precise measure. Optical fiber links could work better, but had previously been tested only over short distances, such as those separating buildings on the same campus or within the same urban area.

"The average distance between institutes that operate frequency standards in Europe is on the order of a few thousand kilometers," notes Droste. "Spanning these great distances with an optical link is challenging not only because of the additional degradation of the transferred signal, but also because multiple signal conditioning stations need to be installed and operated continuously along the link path." Droste and his colleagues were able to overcome the challenges by installing nine signal amplifiers along a 920-kilometer-long fiber link. They successfully transferred a frequency signal with more than 10 times the accuracy than would be required for today's most precise optical clocks.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Optical Society of America. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Optical Society of America. "Redefining time: Extremely precise clock signals transmitted over long distances." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 April 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120430105454.htm>.
Optical Society of America. (2012, April 30). Redefining time: Extremely precise clock signals transmitted over long distances. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120430105454.htm
Optical Society of America. "Redefining time: Extremely precise clock signals transmitted over long distances." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120430105454.htm (accessed December 22, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Matter & Energy News

Monday, December 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Touch-Free Smart Phone Empowers Mobility-Impaired

Touch-Free Smart Phone Empowers Mobility-Impaired

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Dec. 21, 2014) A touch-free phone developed in Israel enables the mobility-impaired to operate smart phones with just a movement of the head. Suzannah Butcher reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Building Google Into Cars

Building Google Into Cars

Reuters - Business Video Online (Dec. 19, 2014) Google's next Android version could become the standard that'll power your vehicle's entertainment and navigation features, Reuters has learned. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
AP Review: Nikon D750 and GoPro Hero 4

AP Review: Nikon D750 and GoPro Hero 4

AP (Dec. 19, 2014) What to buy an experienced photographer or video shooter? There is some strong gear on the market from Nikon and GoPro. The AP's Ron Harris takes a closer look. (Dec. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obama: Better Ways to Create Jobs Than Keystone Pipeline

Obama: Better Ways to Create Jobs Than Keystone Pipeline

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) US President Barack Obama says that construction of the Keystone pipeline would have 'very little impact' on US gas prices and believes there are 'more direct ways' to create construction jobs. Duration: 00:47 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Space & Time

Matter & Energy

Computers & Math

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins