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Breast cancer risk can be lowered by avoiding unnecessary medical imaging

Date:
June 11, 2012
Source:
University of California - San Francisco
Summary:
A new reviewed all the available scientific data compiled to date about potential environmental risks of breast cancer -- factors such as pesticides, beauty products, household chemicals, and the plastics used to make water bottles.

A report issued by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) last December reviewed all the available scientific data compiled to date about potential environmental risks of breast cancer -- factors such as pesticides, beauty products, household chemicals, and the plastics used to make water bottles.

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Commissioned by the breast cancer foundation Susan G. Komen for the Cure, the IOM report concluded that there was not enough data to confirm or rule out that exposure to most of these factors caused breast cancer. However, the report did identify two factors that definitely increased risk: post-menopausal hormone replacement therapy and radiation exposure from medical imaging.

Now, a special article in the journal Archives of Internal Medicine details the findings of the IOM report as they relate to medical imaging and what women can do to minimize their risk of breast cancer.

"The single thing that the IOM highlighted that a woman can do to lower her risk of breast cancer is to avoid unnecessary medical imaging," said Rebecca Smith-Bindman, MD, a professor of radiology and biomedical imaging, epidemiology and biostatistics at UCSF, who wrote the article, and who contributed to the IOM report.

What a Woman Should Know to Ask Her Doctor

While CT scans and other forms of medical imaging have revolutionized medicine and can be life-saving, said Smith-Bindman, women need to engage their doctors in the decision-making process and insist on the necessity and safety of all radiological scans they undergo.

"They should understand the risks and benefits and ask their doctor to explain the risks and benefits," said Smith-Bindman.

She suggested that patients ask their doctors questions like:

  • Is this scan absolutely necessary?
  • Is it necessary to do it now?
  • Are there other, alternative tests?
  • How can I be sure the test will be done in the safest way possible?
  • Will having the scan information change the management of my disease?
  • Can I wait until after seeing a specialist before getting the scan?

Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of California - San Francisco. The original article was written by Jason Bardi. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Rebecca Smith-Bindman. Environmental Causes of Breast Cancer and Radiation from Medical Imaging/Findings from the Institute of Medicine Report. Archives of Internal Medicine, June 11, 2012

Cite This Page:

University of California - San Francisco. "Breast cancer risk can be lowered by avoiding unnecessary medical imaging." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 June 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120611193634.htm>.
University of California - San Francisco. (2012, June 11). Breast cancer risk can be lowered by avoiding unnecessary medical imaging. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 30, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120611193634.htm
University of California - San Francisco. "Breast cancer risk can be lowered by avoiding unnecessary medical imaging." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120611193634.htm (accessed March 30, 2015).

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