Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Do you always have room for dessert? Blame ghrelin, study authors say

Date:
June 25, 2012
Source:
The Endocrine Society
Summary:
A new study suggests that the appetite-inducing hormone ghrelin increases the incentive for humans to eat high-calorie foods, even on a full stomach.

A new study suggests that the appetite-inducing hormone ghrelin increases the incentive for humans to eat high-calorie foods, even on a full stomach. The results were reported June 24 at The Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston.

In the study, rats lacking the ghrelin receptor gene ate less of a sweet treat after a full meal than did rodents whose ghrelin receptor gene was intact.

"Combined with an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, overconsumption of reward-driven foods may be partly responsible for the current obesity epidemic," said Veronique St-Onge, a PhD candidate at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada, and the study's lead investigator. "Ghrelin receptors may represent an important target for obesity treatments."

With the principal investigator, Alfonso Abizaid, PhD, of Carleton University, St-Onge studied the role of ghrelin -- the so-called "hunger hormone" -- in what they called the "dessert phenomenon": eating tasty desserts after a filling meal. To do so, they used a rat strain in which ghrelin signaling was genetically disrupted by "knockout" of the receptor gene. Specifically, the researchers compared the knockout rats' tendency to eat cookie dough after a meal, compared with that of the control rat strain (wild-type rats), which possessed an intact ghrelin receptor gene.

Each group consisted of 10 rats that were allowed free access to their regular rat chow for four hours each day -- 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. -- until they ate most of their usual daily intake. On the final day of the study, each rat was offered 30 grams (just over an ounce) of cookie dough during the last hour of feeding.

There was no difference between groups in the amounts of rat chow that they consumed. However, knockout rats ate slightly less cookie dough than the other rats did (6 versus 8 grams, or about 0.2 versus 0.3 ounces). This difference was statistically significant (P = .02) when compared by the amount eaten per grams of body weight, the authors reported.

"This result supports the idea that ghrelin is involved in reward-based feeding and delays the termination of a meal," St-Onge said. "A greater understanding of ghrelin's action may be useful for preventing obesity that results from overconsumption of rewarding foods."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by The Endocrine Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

The Endocrine Society. "Do you always have room for dessert? Blame ghrelin, study authors say." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 June 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120625092502.htm>.
The Endocrine Society. (2012, June 25). Do you always have room for dessert? Blame ghrelin, study authors say. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 28, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120625092502.htm
The Endocrine Society. "Do you always have room for dessert? Blame ghrelin, study authors say." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120625092502.htm (accessed July 28, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Monday, July 28, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

AP (July 28, 2014) Classes are being offered nationwide to encourage African Americans to learn about cooking fresh foods based on traditional African cuisine. The program is trying to combat obesity, heart disease and other ailments often linked to diet. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
West Africa Gripped by Deadly Ebola Outbreak

West Africa Gripped by Deadly Ebola Outbreak

AFP (July 28, 2014) The worst-ever outbreak of the deadly Ebola epidemic grips west Africa, killing hundreds. Duration: 00:48 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Trees Could Save More Than 850 Lives Each Year

Trees Could Save More Than 850 Lives Each Year

Newsy (July 27, 2014) A national study conducted by the USDA Forest Service found that trees collectively save more than 850 lives on an annual basis. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Google's Next Frontier: The Human Body

Google's Next Frontier: The Human Body

Newsy (July 27, 2014) Google is collecting genetic and molecular information to paint a picture of the perfectly healthy human. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins