Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Alzheimer’s disease linked to diabetes, study suggests

Date:
July 18, 2012
Source:
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)
Summary:
Researchers have provided direct experimental evidence linking diabetes to the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. The study also identified an experimental model that could become an important new tool for AD research.

Researchers from the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ), collaborating with scientists from Northwestern University in Illinois, have provided direct experimental evidence that diabetes is linked to the onset of Alzheimer's disease. The study, published online this week in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, used an experimental model that shows potential as an important new tool for investigations of Alzheimer's disease and of drugs being developed to treat Alzheimer's.

UMDNJ researchers Peter Frederikse, PhD, and Chinnaswamy Kasinathan, PhD, collaborated with William Klein, PhD, at Northwestern University, to build on prior studies from the Klein lab and others that indicated close links between Alzheimer's disease and diabetes. Working with Claudine Bitel and Rajesh Kaswala, students at UMDNJ, the researchers tested whether untreated diabetes would provide a physiological model of Alzheimer neuropathology.

"The results were striking," Frederikse said. "Because we used diabetes as an instigator of the disease, our study shows -- for the first time directly -- the link between Alzheimer's and diabetes."

The researchers found substantial increases in amyloid beta peptide pathology -- a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease -- in the brain cortex and hippocampus concurrent with diabetes. They also found significant amyloid beta pathology in the retina and by contrast, when diabetes is not present, no observable pathology was detected in either the brain or the retina.

"Second, our study examined the retina, which is considered an extension of the brain, and is more accessible for diagnostic exams," Frederikse added. "Our findings indicate that scientists may be able to follow the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease through retinal examination, which could provide a long sought after early-warning sign of the disease."

This experimental model replicated spontaneous formation of amyloid beta "oligomer" assemblies in brain and retina which may help to explain one of the most widely recognized symptoms of Alzheimer's. "This is exciting," Klein said. "Oligomers are the neurotoxins now regarded as causing Alzheimer's disease memory loss. What could cause them to appear and buildup in late-onset Alzheimer's disease has been a mystery, so these new findings with diabetes represent an important step."

Previous research indicated that insulin plays an important role in the formation of memories. Once attached to neurons, oligomers cause insulin receptors to be eliminated from the surface membranes, contributing to insulin resistance in the brain. This launches a vicious cycle in which diabetes induces oligomer accumulation which makes neurons even more insulin resistant.

"In light of the near epidemic increases in Alzheimer's disease and diabetes today, developing a physiological model of Alzheimer neuropathology has been an important goal," Kasinathan added. "It allows us to identify a potential biomarker for Alzheimer's disease and may also make important contributions to Alzheimer drug testing and development."

The current research was supported by a grant from the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health, the National Institute of Aging, and the Neuroscience Research and Education Foundation. Drs. Kasinathan and Frederikse have applied for patent protection regarding this novel experimental model of Alzheimer neuropathology.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Claudine L. Bitel, Chinnaswamy Kasinathan, Rajesh H. Kaswala, William L Klein, Peter H. Frederikse. Amyloid-β and Tau Pathology of Alzheimer’s Disease Induced by Diabetes in an Animal Model. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 2012 (in press) [link]

Cite This Page:

University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). "Alzheimer’s disease linked to diabetes, study suggests." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 July 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120718164604.htm>.
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). (2012, July 18). Alzheimer’s disease linked to diabetes, study suggests. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120718164604.htm
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). "Alzheimer’s disease linked to diabetes, study suggests." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120718164604.htm (accessed July 22, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Courts Conflicted Over Healthcare Law

Courts Conflicted Over Healthcare Law

AP (July 22, 2014) Two federal appeals courts issued conflicting rulings Tuesday on the legality of the federally-run healthcare exchange that operates in 36 states. (July 22) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Newsy (July 22, 2014) The new sci-fi thriller "Lucy" is making people question whether we really use all our brainpower. But, as scientists have insisted for years, we do. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Newsy (July 22, 2014) Boston scientists have discovered a new way to create fully functioning human platelets using a bioreactor and human stem cells. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

TheStreet (July 21, 2014) New research shows Gilead Science's drug Sovaldi helps in curing hepatitis C in those who suffer from HIV. In a medical study, the combination of Gilead's Hep C drug with anti-viral drug Ribavirin cured 76% of HIV-positive patients suffering from the most common hepatitis C strain. Hepatitis C and related complications have been a top cause of death in HIV-positive patients. Typical medication used to treat the disease, including interferon proteins, tended to react badly with HIV drugs. However, Sovaldi's %1,000-a-pill price tag could limit the number of patients able to access the treatment. TheStreet's Keris Lahiff reports from New York. Video provided by TheStreet
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins