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Webcams offer a low-cost way to tune lasers for serious science

Date:
December 4, 2012
Source:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Summary:
Using a handful of inexpensive components -- including an off-the-shelf computer webcam and a small diffraction grating, a device for splitting and diffracting light into several beams -- researchers have built a diffraction spectrometer that can tune lasers with better than one part-per-million accuracy.

Every photon in a laser beam marches in lockstep, at an identical wavelength that depends on what the laser is used for -- for example, infrared lasers that drive the optic fiber internet. For many applications, lasers need to be precisely tuned to those wavelengths, and the wavelength-measuring instruments can be more expensive than the lasers themselves.

Now, using a handful of inexpensive components -- including an off-the-shelf computer webcam and a small diffraction grating, a device for splitting and diffracting light into several beams -- researchers have built a diffraction spectrometer that can tune lasers with better than one part-per-million accuracy.

"The accessibility, simplicity, and cost make it feasible to provide such precision measurements for every single laser in a laboratory," says physicist and study co-author Robert E. Scholten of the University of Melbourne. Indeed, Scholten says, the instrument, which is described in the AIP's journal Review of Scientific Advances, is simple enough to be constructed in undergraduate physics labs -- "and could easily be a high-school project," he adds.

"It would provide excellent training in optics and the wave nature of light, and once constructed, the device can be used to elucidate the quantum mechanical structure of matter, for example by measuring the fine-structure splitting or even the hyperfine structure of atoms such as sodium."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Institute of Physics (AIP). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. James D. White, Robert E. Scholten. Compact diffraction grating laser wavemeter with sub-picometer accuracy and picowatt sensitivity using a webcam imaging sensor. Review of Scientific Instruments, 2012; 83 (11): 113104 DOI: 10.1063/1.4765744

Cite This Page:

American Institute of Physics (AIP). "Webcams offer a low-cost way to tune lasers for serious science." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 December 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121204111917.htm>.
American Institute of Physics (AIP). (2012, December 4). Webcams offer a low-cost way to tune lasers for serious science. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121204111917.htm
American Institute of Physics (AIP). "Webcams offer a low-cost way to tune lasers for serious science." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121204111917.htm (accessed April 20, 2014).

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