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Were cavemen better at drawing animals than modern artists?

Date:
December 5, 2012
Source:
Public Library of Science
Summary:
Prehistoric artists were better at portraying the walk of four-legged animals in their art than modern man, according to new research.
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This is a prehistoric illustration of an elephant from the Libian Tadrart Acacus.
Credit: Citation: Horvath G, Farkas E, Boncz I, Blaho M, Kriska G (2012) Cavemen Were Better at Depicting Quadruped Walking than Modern Artists: Erroneous Walking Illustrations in the Fine Arts from Prehistory to Today. PLoS ONE 7(12): e49786. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049786

Prehistoric artists were better at portraying the walk of four-legged animals in their art than modern man, according to new research published December 5 in the open access journal PLoS ONE by Gabor Horvath and colleagues from Eotvos University (Budapest), Hungary.

Most quadrupeds have a similar sequence in which they move each limb as they walk, trot or run, and this sequence was studied and outlined in the early 1880s by Eadweard Muybridge. The authors examined prehistoric and modern artwork ranging from cave paintings of cows and elephants to statues and paintings of horses, elephants and other quadrupeds in motion to see how well these artistic depictions matched the scientific observations of animal motion.

They found that the majority of depictions of these animals walking or trotting had their legs incorrectly positioned, but the prehistoric paintings had the lowest error rates of 46.2%, whereas modern pre-Muybridgean art depicted animal motion incorrectly 83.5% of the time. This error rate decreased to 57.9% after 1887. Whether these differences were due to artistic license with imagery or lack of understanding of animal movement isn't clear, say the authors.


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Public Library of Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Gabor Horvath, Etelka Farkas, Ildiko Boncz, Miklos Blaho, Gyorgy Kriska. Cavemen Were Better at Depicting Quadruped Walking than Modern Artists: Erroneous Walking Illustrations in the Fine Arts from Prehistory to Today. PLoS ONE, 2012; 7 (12): e49786 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049786

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Public Library of Science. "Were cavemen better at drawing animals than modern artists?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 December 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121205200049.htm>.
Public Library of Science. (2012, December 5). Were cavemen better at drawing animals than modern artists?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 2, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121205200049.htm
Public Library of Science. "Were cavemen better at drawing animals than modern artists?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121205200049.htm (accessed September 2, 2015).

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