Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Death highest in heart failure patients admitted in January, on Friday, and overnight

Date:
May 25, 2013
Source:
European Society of Cardiology (ESC)
Summary:
Mortality and length of stay are highest in heart failure patients admitted in January, on Friday, and overnight, according to new research.

Mortality and length of stay are highest in heart failure patients admitted in January, on Friday, and overnight, according to research presented today at the Heart Failure Congress 2013. The analysis of nearly 1 million heart failure admissions over 14 years was presented by Dr David P. Kao (Denver, Colorado).

Related Articles


The Heart Failure Congress 2013 is taking place during 25-28 May in Lisbon, Portugal. The Congress is the main annual meeting of the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology (1).

Identifying peaks in admissions and mortality should assist targeted resource allocation at higher risk times. Seasonal, weekly and hourly variations have been observed in heart failure admissions but the reasons are unclear. Until now, the relationship of these variations with mortality and length of stay has not been investigated in a single study.

The current study (2) examined the impact of day, month and hour of admission on in-hospital mortality and length of stay in 949,907 hospitalisations for congestive heart failure. Data was analysed from all hospitals in the state of New York from 1994 to 2007. A greater number of factors were included in the analysis than ever before so that the researchers could confirm or refute previous theories on the reasons behind variations in heart failure morbidity and mortality (for example substance use).

The researchers found that daily heart failure admissions increased significantly over time (+1.1 admissions/day/year) while in-hospital mortality and length of stay decreased (-0.3%/year and -0.3 days/year, p<0.0001 for all). Dr Kao said: "These findings confirm the huge decline in mortality in hospitals for heart failure over the past 14-15 years following major advances in therapy."

Daily heart failure admissions peaked in February (p<0.0001), while in-hospital mortality (p<0.0001) and length of stay (p=0.01) peaked in January. Mortality and length of stay were lowest for admissions between 06h00-12h00 and highest overnight (18h00-24h00) by a small margin (adjusted OR of death 1.22, p<0.0001). Mortality and length of stay were lowest in patients admitted on Monday (adjusted OR of death 1.09, p<0.001) and highest on Friday (p<0.0001).

Numerous theories have been mooted for the cause of seasonal variations in heart failure morbidity and mortality, for example that the holiday spike is caused by alcohol and drug use. Dr Kao said: "For the first time we've shown that there wasn't a higher rate of alcohol and drug use reported in heart failure patients during December and January, when heart failure mortality was the highest."

Seasonal variations affected rate of heart failure hospitalization and mortality in patients over the age of 30, and the effect was greater with advancing age. An increase in concurrent pneumonia in the winter could impact on heart failure mortality, but there was less seasonal variation in other respiratory diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

The findings suggest that staffing may have an impact on seasonal variations in mortality and length of stay. Dr Kao said: "The fact that patients admitted right before the weekend and in the middle of the night do worse and are in hospital longer suggests that staffing levels may contribute to the findings."

He added: "The seasonal effect on in-hospital death from heart failure remained even after controlling for time and weekday of admission, 17 other medical conditions including substance use, kidney disease, and pneumonia, and demographic factors including gender, ethnicity, and medical coverage status. Seasonal variations in morbidity and mortality occur in many diseases, particularly heart disease, and the cold weather itself may have a part to play."

Dr Kao concluded: "Doctors and hospitals need to be more vigilant during these higher risk times and ensure that adequate resources are in place to cope with demand. Patients should be aware that their disease is not the same over the course of the year and they may be at higher risk during the winter. People often avoid coming into hospital during the holidays because of family pressures and a personal desire to stay at home but they may be putting themselves in danger."

References: 1. Heart Failure Congress 2013 http://www.escardio.org/congresses/hf2013/Pages/welcome.aspx?hit=nav 2. Kao DP, Mcilvennan CK, Page RL, et al. Impact of day, month and hour of admission on inpatient outcomes in 949.907 hospitalizations for congestive heart failure, Presented at Heart Failure Congress 2013 Final Programme Number P1230


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

European Society of Cardiology (ESC). "Death highest in heart failure patients admitted in January, on Friday, and overnight." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 May 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130525143854.htm>.
European Society of Cardiology (ESC). (2013, May 25). Death highest in heart failure patients admitted in January, on Friday, and overnight. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130525143854.htm
European Society of Cardiology (ESC). "Death highest in heart failure patients admitted in January, on Friday, and overnight." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130525143854.htm (accessed October 25, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

AFP (Oct. 25, 2014) — An American nurse who contracted Ebola while caring for a Liberian patient in Texas has been declared free of the virus and will leave the hospital. Duration: 01:01 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

Buzz60 (Oct. 24, 2014) — IKEA is out with a new convertible desk that can convert from a sitting desk to a standing one with just the push of a button. Jen Markham explains. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

AFP (Oct. 24, 2014) — A factory in China is busy making Ebola protective suits for healthcare workers and others fighting the spread of the virus. Duration: 00:38 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
WHO: Millions of Ebola Vaccine Doses by 2015

WHO: Millions of Ebola Vaccine Doses by 2015

AP (Oct. 24, 2014) — The World Health Organization said on Friday that millions of doses of two experimental Ebola vaccines could be ready for use in 2015 and five more experimental vaccines would start being tested in March. (Oct. 24) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins