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Intervention to reduce lifelong effects associated with childhood neglect and emotional abuse

Date:
June 10, 2013
Source:
American Medical Association (AMA)
Summary:
Preschool children who have been neglected or emotionally abused exhibit a range of emotional and behavioral difficulties and adverse mother-child interactions that indicate these children require prompt evaluation and interventions, according to a systematic review.

Preschool children who have been neglected or emotionally abused exhibit a range of emotional and behavioral difficulties and adverse mother-child interactions that indicate these children require prompt evaluation and interventions, according to a systematic review by Aideen Mary Naughton of Public Health Wales, Pontypool, England, and colleagues.

A total of 42 studies of children age 0 to 6 years with confirmed neglect or emotional abuse who had emotional, behavioral, and developmental features recorded or for whom the carer-child interaction was documented were analyzed.

Key features in the child included aggression, withdrawal or passivity, developmental delay, poor peer interaction, and transition from ambivalent to avoidant insecure attachment pattern and from passive to increasingly aggressive behavior and negative self-representation. Emotional knowledge, cognitive function, and language deteriorate without intervention. Poor sensitivity, hospitality, criticism, or disinterest characterize maternal-child interactions.

"Lifelong consequences include physical and mental health problems; impairments in language, social, and communication skills; and severe effects on brain development and hormonal functioning." The study concludes, "early intervention has the potential to change children's lives."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Medical Association (AMA). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Aideen Mary Naughton et al. Emotional, Behavioral, and Developmental Features Indicative of Neglect or Emotional Abuse in Preschool ChildrenA Systematic ReviewFeatures Indicative of Emotional Abuse. JAMA Pediatrics, 2013; 1 DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.192

Cite This Page:

American Medical Association (AMA). "Intervention to reduce lifelong effects associated with childhood neglect and emotional abuse." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 June 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/06/130610192539.htm>.
American Medical Association (AMA). (2013, June 10). Intervention to reduce lifelong effects associated with childhood neglect and emotional abuse. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/06/130610192539.htm
American Medical Association (AMA). "Intervention to reduce lifelong effects associated with childhood neglect and emotional abuse." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/06/130610192539.htm (accessed September 23, 2014).

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