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Big crab claws for bling or bang?

Date:
July 16, 2013
Source:
BioMed Central Limited
Summary:
Male fiddler crabs tread an evolutionary fine line between growing an enlarged claw better for signalling to females or one better for fighting. Long light claws are better for attracting females, but not for fighting.
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Credit: Image courtesy of BioMed Central Limited

Male fiddler crabs tread an evolutionary fine line between growing an enlarged claw better for signalling to females or one better for fighting finds research in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology. Long light claws are better for attracting females, but not for fighting.

Fiddler crabs (Genus Uca), are sexually dimorphic -- the males have one large and one small front claw while the females have two small claws. The males use their small claw for feeding and the large one to attract females for mating, threaten other males and as a weapon when fighting. As a flag the claw needs to be as large and light as possible so that it is easy to manoeuvre. As a weapon it needs to be heavy, with a thick cuticle, short pincers (dactyl and polex), and large muscle to close them.

Researchers from Gonzaga University and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute analyzed the morphology and mechanical properties of 21 species of fiddler crabs from the pacific, Gulf and Atlantic coasts of the Americas. Across the genus, different species have evolved a range of tactics. At the extremes U. argillicola has a small powerful claw but does not wave to attract females while U. heteropleura and U. saltitanta have weak claws but intense waving behaviours.

Dr Brook Swanson who led this study explained, "These crabs dramatically show the evolutionary trade-off driven by competing traits. The conflicting requirements of the claw for mate attraction and fighting may be the force driving and maintaining the diversity between species."


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by BioMed Central Limited. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Brook O Swanson, Matthew N George, Stuart P Anderson, John H Christy. Evolutionary variation in the mechanics of fiddler crab claws. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2013; 13 (1): 137 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-137

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BioMed Central Limited. "Big crab claws for bling or bang?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 July 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130716075837.htm>.
BioMed Central Limited. (2013, July 16). Big crab claws for bling or bang?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 29, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130716075837.htm
BioMed Central Limited. "Big crab claws for bling or bang?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130716075837.htm (accessed June 29, 2015).

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