Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Effectiveness of community-based cardiac rehabilitation studied

Date:
September 3, 2013
Source:
National University of Singapore
Summary:
Over 200 patients who completed the Singapore Heart Foundation's Heart Wellness Programme demonstrated improvements in cardiac risk factors.

Over 200 patients who completed the Singapore Heart Foundation's Heart Wellness Programme demonstrated improvements in cardiac risk factors.

Related Articles


With a growing incidence of cardiovascular disease in Asia, lifestyle modification such as weight loss and routine exercise plays an important role in early primary cardiovascular disease prevention. While it is widely known that patients with cardiovascular conditions will benefit from participating in a structured cardiac rehabilitation programme, particularly in a convenient and affordable community-based setting, there is no published data that showed the effectiveness of such a programme in the Asian population to date.

With the idea of health promotion in mind, researchers at the National University of Singapore (NUS) collaborated with the Singapore Heart Foundation in a cardiac rehabilitation study to assess the overall wellness improvement of more than 200 local patients with or without cardiovascular conditions. It was found that patients who had completed the one-year community based programme had experienced a reduction in body fat percentage, increased stamina and improved total cholesterol levels. Their findings illustrated the potential of the programme in delaying disease progression and preventing further complications.

This study was led by Assistant Professor Joanne Yeh Chang of the Department of Pharmacy at the NUS Faculty of Science, together with recent NUS Pharmacy graduates Mr Kwan Yu Heng and Mr Ong Kheng Yong, in conjunction with Mr Tay Hung Yong of the Singapore Heart Foundation. This is the first study done in Asia on a community-based cardiac rehabilitation programme aimed at reducing cardiovascular risk.

Effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation programme for cardiovascular prevention

In the study, a total of 207 local patients participated in the Heart Wellness Programme for a period of 12 months, from 2010 to 2011, at the Singapore Heart Foundation. The patients included those with certain cardiac risk factors and those who had an underlying cardiac disease but were deemed as stable by the patients' physicians. These patients went through an individualised series of exercise programmes, nutritional reviews, smoking cessation programmes and psycho-social counselling. Core components such as baseline vitals (i.e. heart rate and blood pressure), body weight, body fat, and exercise tolerance were measured.

At the end of the programme, these patients were found to have an overall reduction of 0.8% in body fat, 12% of "bad" cholesterol reduction, and 4.6% improvement in total cholesterol levels. Patients also showed overall improvement in exercise tolerance and stamina with the ability to walk 10.7m longer than their baseline.

These positive results highlighted the programme's potential in improving health and delaying disease progression, which lends support to the need to expand such community-based programmes for early cardiovascular intervention.

Further studies to validate effectiveness

The information from this study provided the team with a preliminary understanding of the effectiveness of a cardiac rehabilitation programme in a community setting. They are now expanding their study to conduct a controlled trial, targeting 1,000 patients over a period of five years.

The team hopes that the findings can serve as a reference for healthcare professionals and administrators in Singapore, to further support and expand similar programmes. At the same time, they hope to influence other Asian countries to initiate affordable early cardiovascular disease intervention programmes to promote health awareness.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by National University of Singapore. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

National University of Singapore. "Effectiveness of community-based cardiac rehabilitation studied." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 September 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130903101956.htm>.
National University of Singapore. (2013, September 3). Effectiveness of community-based cardiac rehabilitation studied. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130903101956.htm
National University of Singapore. "Effectiveness of community-based cardiac rehabilitation studied." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130903101956.htm (accessed December 19, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, December 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Kids Die While Under Protective Services

Kids Die While Under Protective Services

AP (Dec. 18, 2014) As part of a six-month investigation of child maltreatment deaths, the AP found that hundreds of deaths from horrific abuse and neglect could have been prevented. AP's Haven Daley reports. (Dec. 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Dads-To-Be Also Experience Hormone Changes During Pregnancy

Dads-To-Be Also Experience Hormone Changes During Pregnancy

Newsy (Dec. 18, 2014) A study from University of Michigan researchers found that expectant fathers see a decrease in testosterone as the baby's birth draws near. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Prenatal Exposure To Pollution Might Increase Autism Risk

Prenatal Exposure To Pollution Might Increase Autism Risk

Newsy (Dec. 18, 2014) Harvard researchers found children whose mothers were exposed to high pollution levels in the third trimester were twice as likely to develop autism. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
UN: Up to One Million Facing Hunger in Ebola-Hit Countries

UN: Up to One Million Facing Hunger in Ebola-Hit Countries

AFP (Dec. 17, 2014) Border closures, quarantines and crop losses in West African nations battling the Ebola virus could lead to as many as one million people going hungry, UN food agencies said on Wednesday. Duration: 00:52 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins