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Those with Alzheimer's more likely to have heart disease, offered fewer treatment options

Date:
October 30, 2013
Source:
University of Eastern Finland
Summary:
Persons with Alzheimer’s disease suffer from ischaemic heart diseases more frequently than others, yet they undergo related procedures and surgery less frequently than persons with no diagnosed AD, according to a nation-wide register-based study in Finland.

Persons with Alzheimer's disease suffer from ischaemic heart diseases more frequently than others, yet they undergo related procedures and surgery less frequently than persons with no diagnosed AD, according to a nation-wide register-based study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland.

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The study involved a total of 28,093 persons; that is every community-dwelling person with a diagnosed Alzheimer's disease living in Finland on 31 December 2005. According to the data obtained from the national hospital discharge register, persons with Alzheimer's disease were slightly more likely to suffer from ischaemic heart diseases than their matched control group with no existing AD diagnosis. Despite this, persons with Alzheimer's disease underwent significantly fewer procedures restoring cardiac circulation, such as coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery, than the control group.

The results were not explained by medical treatment of cardiovascular diseases or by other related diseases such as stroke, diabetes, asthma, or cancer. Severely reduced cognitive function is a relative contraindication for coronary artery bypass surgery, but not for coronary angioplasty. However, the register-based data makes it difficult to assess whether the low number of coronary angioplasties performed on persons with Alzheimer's disease is indicative of their insufficient access to treatment.

The study was published in International Journal of Cardiology.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Eastern Finland. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Raimo Kettunen, Riitta Ahonen, Hilkka Soininen, Sirpa Hartikainen. Incident ischaemic heart disease in persons with Alzheimer’s disease in a Finnish nationwide exposure-matched cohort. International Journal of Cardiology, 2013; DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.10.065

Cite This Page:

University of Eastern Finland. "Those with Alzheimer's more likely to have heart disease, offered fewer treatment options." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 October 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131030092948.htm>.
University of Eastern Finland. (2013, October 30). Those with Alzheimer's more likely to have heart disease, offered fewer treatment options. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131030092948.htm
University of Eastern Finland. "Those with Alzheimer's more likely to have heart disease, offered fewer treatment options." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131030092948.htm (accessed December 20, 2014).

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