Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Motives assessed for opioid misuse among adolescents

Date:
November 6, 2013
Source:
American Pain Society
Summary:
Misuse of prescription opioids among adolescents and young adults has generated significant media coverage, but less attention has been given to differentiating the underlying motives for opioid misuse. Research shows that pain relief, not getting high, was the most prevalent motive for medical misuse of opioids among adolescents. This factor alone motivated 4 in 5 adolescents who misused their prescribed pain medications.

Misuse of prescription opioids among adolescents and young adults has generated significant media coverage, but less attention has been given to differentiating the underlying motives for opioid misuse. A study published in The Journal of Pain showed that pain relief, not getting high, was the most prevalent motive for medical misuse of opioids among adolescents. This factor alone motivated 4 in 5 adolescents who misused their prescribed pain medications.

Related Articles


Medical misuse is defined as use of a prescribed opioid medication in a manner not intended by the prescriber, such as taking higher than prescribed doses. Nonmedical misuse is use of someone else's prescription drugs.

Previous studies have reported that the majority of adolescents who are prescribed opioids use them properly, but there are subgroups of adolescents who do not. The objectives of this study, conducted by researchers at the University of Michigan, were to determine past-year prevalence of motives for medical misuse of prescription opioids among adolescents in two school districts in Detroit, and to assess the association of motives for medical misuse with gender, race, ethnicity, substance abuse and diversion behaviors. Some 3,000 adolescents were surveyed in 2011 and 2012.

The authors found that even though the majority of medical misusers said they were motivated by their need for pain relief, 30 percent of medical misusers and 47 percent of nonmedical misusers said they were also motivated by non-pain relief choices, such wanting "to get high."

The study also showed that females were almost twice as likely as males to report past-year medical misuse of opioids. but there were no gender differences seen in the prevalence of motives. African Americans were more likely than whites to medically misuse opioids, and 3 in 4 said they were motivated by pain relief. The authors noted that racial differences observed in this study could be related to inadequate pain management, poor communication, insufficient opioid availability, and under prescribing among black patients.

Medical misuse for non-pain relief motives was linked with significantly greater probability for substance abuse. This group of adolescents also is more likely to divert their medications.

Overall, the findings of this study indicate a need for close monitoring of opioid medications among adolescents and underscore the importance of detecting unusual patterns of opioid medication use.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Pain Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Sean Esteban McCabe, Brady T. West, Carol J. Boyd. Motives for Medical Misuse of Prescription Opioids Among Adolescents. The Journal of Pain, 2013; 14 (10): 1208 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2013.05.004

Cite This Page:

American Pain Society. "Motives assessed for opioid misuse among adolescents." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 November 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131106113910.htm>.
American Pain Society. (2013, November 6). Motives assessed for opioid misuse among adolescents. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131106113910.htm
American Pain Society. "Motives assessed for opioid misuse among adolescents." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131106113910.htm (accessed October 30, 2014).

Share This



More Mind & Brain News

Thursday, October 30, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Studying Effects of Music on Dementia Patients

Studying Effects of Music on Dementia Patients

AP (Oct. 30, 2014) The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee is studying the popular Music and Memory program to see if music, which helps improve the mood of Alzheimer's patients, can also reduce the use of prescription drugs for those suffering from dementia. (Oct. 30) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Techy Tots Are Forefront of London's Baby Show

Techy Tots Are Forefront of London's Baby Show

AP (Oct. 28, 2014) Moms and Dads get a more hands-on approach to parenting with tech-centric products for raising their little ones. (Oct. 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Cocoa Could Be As Good For Memory As It Is For A Sweet Tooth

Cocoa Could Be As Good For Memory As It Is For A Sweet Tooth

Newsy (Oct. 27, 2014) Researchers have come up with another reason why dark chocolate is good for your health. A substance in the treat can reportedly help with memory. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Five-Year-Olds Learn Coding as Britain Eyes Digital Future

Five-Year-Olds Learn Coding as Britain Eyes Digital Future

AFP (Oct. 27, 2014) Coding has become compulsory for children as young as five in schools across the UK. Making it the first major world economy to overhaul its IT teaching and put programming at its core. Duration: 02:19 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins