Opium News
February 5, 2016

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updated 10:07pm EST

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February 5, 2016

Use of and Barriers to Access to Opioid Analgesics Worldwide

Feb. 3, 2016 — Use of common opioid painkillers such as codeine, morphine and oxycodone has more than quadrupled in Australia over the past decade and doubled worldwide over the same period. Yet at the same time ... read more

New Policies, Educational Programs Help, but Don't Solve, Problems With Opioid Abuse

Jan. 26, 2016 — Medical provider training, new clinic policies and efforts to 'taper' opioid use for pain treatment could significantly reduce the level of opioid medication that patients used -- a limited ... read more

Patients Who Are Not Prescribed Opioids Find More Improvements in Physical Function

Jan. 22, 2016 — Opioids may help some patients suffering neuropathic pain, but do not help with mobility and function, according to ... read more

Meta-Analysis Finds Evidence for Nalmefene in the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence Is Weak

Dec. 22, 2015 — Currently available evidence from randomized controlled trials does not support the use of nalmefene for harm reduction for people with alcohol dependence, according to a systematic review and ... read more

How Opioids Cause Dangerous Breathing Problems

Dec. 17, 2015 — Researchers on a quest to make opioid drugs less lethal have discovered a window of opportunity: a tiny channel in the brain where opioids interfere with the breathing mechanism. They found that mice ... read more

Sadness-Induced Inflammation in the Body Linked to Comorbid Diseases

Dec. 16, 2015 — Feeling sad can alter levels of stress-related opioids in the brain and increase levels of inflammatory proteins in the blood that are linked to increased risk of comorbid diseases including heart ... read more

Overprescribing of Opioids Is Not Limited to a Few Bad Apples

Dec. 14, 2015 — Most prescriptions for opioid painkillers are made by the broad swath of US general practitioners, not by a limited group of specialists, according to a new ... read more

Fighting Prescription Painkiller Abuse Among Baby Boomers

Dec. 7, 2015 — Prescription opioid abuse has reached epidemic proportions, but new research has found motivational interviewing, a form of behavioral counseling, is an effective tool at curbing ... read more

RVG-Exosome Delivered MOR-RNAi Rescues Drug Addiction

Dec. 7, 2015 — Secreted RVG- exosome-delivered siRNA down-regulates opioid receptor Mu (MOR) in mouse brain and rescues drug addiction, new research ... read more

3/4 of High School Heroin Users Started With Prescription Opioids

Dec. 3, 2015 — The first nationally representative studies in the US to examine the linkages between nonmedical use of opioids and heroin in high school seniors examined associations between frequency and recency ... read more

After Hip-Replacement Surgery, Medication Use Decreases

Dec. 1, 2015 — A new study provides information on the trajectories of prescription drug use before and after hip-replacement surgery -- total hip arthroplasty (THA), one of the most common types of joint ... read more

Adults Aged 50-59 Now Largest Age Group in Opioid Treatment Programs

Nov. 23, 2015 — Researchers found a pronounced age trend in those utilizing opioid treatment programs from 1996 to 2012, with adults aged 50 and older becoming the majority treatment population in New York City, ... read more

Researchers Find New Risk Posed by Opioid Pain Medication

Nov. 17, 2015 — Patients with no recent history of taking opioid pain medication had a 25 percent higher risk of chronically using the drugs if they received them when discharged from the hospital, according to ... read more

Public Health Leaders Urge Far-Reaching Reforms to Curb Prescription Opioid Epidemic

Nov. 16, 2015 — A group of experts has issued recommendations aimed at stemming the prescription opioid epidemic, a crisis that kills an average of 44 people a day in the ... read more

Prescription Painkillers Source of Addiction for Most Women

Nov. 9, 2015 — More than half (52%) of women and a third (38%) of men reported doctor-prescribed painkillers as their first contact with opioid drugs, a family of drugs which include prescription medicines such ... read more

The Boy Who Cried Wolf: Drug Alerts in the ER

Nov. 9, 2015 — To prevent a single adverse drug event, one commercial electronic health record opioid warning system fired off 123 unnecessary and clinically inconsequential alerts, according to the results of a ... read more

Nov. 5, 2015 — Conducting an economic analysis of drug use is a particularly difficult endeavor, but for one researcher, it just meant taking a look at the history ... read more

Computer-Based Modeling Improves Outcomes for Infants in Drug Withdrawal

Oct. 29, 2015 — Computer-based modeling is helping to further reduce length of hospital stay and duration of treatment with opioids that are used therapeutically to wean babies born in withdrawal from drugs their ... read more

Oct. 28, 2015 — Strong painkillers known as prescription opioids appear to be overprescribed in some regions of British Columbia, Canada, resulting in higher rates of overdose and death, according to a new ... read more

Pediatric Patients Prescribed More Opioids Than Needed for Pain After Surgery

Oct. 25, 2015 — Although it is not uncommon for pediatric patients to be prescribed opioids to treat certain types of moderate to severe pain, new research suggests these patients may be prescribed more opioids than ... read more

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