Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Exercise training as 'prehabilitation' before surgery

Date:
November 14, 2013
Source:
European Association of Urology
Summary:
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) assessment and exercise training in an elderly population is safe and well tolerated, according to the results of a new feasibility study, conducted in the UK.

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) assessment and exercise training in an elderly population is safe and well tolerated, according to the results of a new feasibility study, conducted in the UK.

Related Articles


CPET is a non-invasive measurement of the cardiovascular and respiratory system during exercise to assess exercise capacity and cardiopulmonary fitness. According to the researchers, the role of exercise training or 'prehabilitation' for optimising preoperative physiological function to counter catabolic effects of surgery has received little attention in cancer patients. This is especially important for bladder cancer patients, where radical cystectomy (RC), the mainstay of treatment for muscle invasive bladder cancer, is associated with significant morbidity.

"Promising evidence from systematic reviews suggests that exercise training can improve cardiopulmonary fitness in the short time available for surgery and reduce risk of postoperative complications, " the authors emphasized in the abstract published for the European Multidisciplinary Meeting for Urological Cancers, taking place in Marceille, France, on 15-17 November 2013.

"Although it has been established that preoperative fitness using CPET is a good indicator for postoperative recovery, there is very little evidence to indicate whether fitness can be improved in a short time period prior to surgery in an elderly population," commented the lead author of the study Dr. Srijit Banerjee of Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital's Department of Urology in Norwich, UK.

The authors conducted a randomised controlled feasibility study to examine whether a short preoperative course of supervised exercise sessions is tolerated and whether it can lead to an improvement in cardiopulmonary fitness.

30 patients undergoing radical cystectomy were randomised to either control or intervention arm after initial CPET assessment. Patients in the intervention arm were offered twice weekly supervised exercise sessions preoperatively for 4 weeks, whilst the control arm had standard care. This was followed by further CPET assessment in both groups at the end of 4 weeks.

"Our feasibility study looking at the role of preoperative exercise based upon individual levels of baseline fitness appears to be well tolerated and safe in a primarily elderly population awaiting cystectomy," commented Dr. Banerjee on the findings. "Even in a short time period there appears to be an improvement in the fitness level in this population."

"Based on these results we are already in the process of examining whether the improvement in fitness level translates into a better postoperative outcome with reduced hospital stay. A further larger scale multicenter randomized controlled trial is planned.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by European Association of Urology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

European Association of Urology. "Exercise training as 'prehabilitation' before surgery." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 November 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131114193241.htm>.
European Association of Urology. (2013, November 14). Exercise training as 'prehabilitation' before surgery. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 26, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131114193241.htm
European Association of Urology. "Exercise training as 'prehabilitation' before surgery." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131114193241.htm (accessed November 26, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Nov. 26, 2014) Researchers in the United States are preparing to discover whether a drug commonly used in human organ transplants can extend the lifespan and health quality of pet dogs. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Newsy (Nov. 26, 2014) Advances in prosthetics are making replacement body parts stronger and more lifelike than they’ve ever been. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
From Popcorn To Vending Snacks: FDA Ups Calorie Count Rules

From Popcorn To Vending Snacks: FDA Ups Calorie Count Rules

Newsy (Nov. 25, 2014) The US FDA is announcing new calorie rules on Tuesday that will require everywhere from theaters to vending machines to include calorie counts. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Daily Serving Of Yogurt Could Reduce Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Daily Serving Of Yogurt Could Reduce Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Newsy (Nov. 25, 2014) Need another reason to eat yogurt every day? Researchers now say it could reduce a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins