Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Being an elite male athlete protects against type 2 diabetes in later life

Date:
November 15, 2013
Source:
Diabetologia
Summary:
A study of almost 400 former elite male athletes shows that former status as an elite athlete reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in later life by 28 percent.

A study of almost 400 former elite male athletes shows that former status as an elite athlete reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in later life by 28%. The research appears in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), and is by Dr Merja Laine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, and colleagues.

The study of Finnish male athletes follows-up on work that began in 1985, when a questionnaire was sent to 1,518 former athletes and 1,010 controls, and further questionnaires were sent out in1995 and 2001. In 2008, an invitation to participate in a clinical study was sent to all former athletes who were still alive (747, of whom 392 participated) and controls (436, of whom 207 participated) and had answered at least one of the previous questionnaires. The clinical study included a physical examination, laboratory tests and questionnaires.

The former athletes were divided into three groups based on their active career sport: endurance, mixed and power sports. Participants without a history of diabetes (n=537) underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (75g of glucose delivered over 2 hours). Current volume of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) was determined by self-reported questionnaires and expressed in metabolic equivalent hours. Data on reimbursable diabetes medication from participants and non-participants were obtained from a central Finnish register.

The researchers found that being a former elite athlete reduced the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by a statistically significant 28%. However, this reduction varied among the different sports categories: the risk reduction was 61% for those who had had careers in endurance sports (a statistically significant finding) while for mixed sports the reduction was 21% and power sports was 23% (both not statistically significant).

The risk of type 2 diabetes decreased with increased LTPA volume, by 2% per 1 MET-h per week. The former elite athletes also had a 42% lower risk of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), a precursor state to full blown diabetes. The authors say: "With ageing, the former athletes maintained their physically active lifestyle better than the controls." They conclude: "A former career as an elite athlete protected from both type 2 diabetes and IGT in later life. In addition, the volume of current leisure-time physical activity was inversely associated with the prevalence of type 2 diabetes."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Diabetologia. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Merja Laine et al. A former career as a male elite athlete—does it protect against type 2 diabetes in later life? Diabetologia, November 2013

Cite This Page:

Diabetologia. "Being an elite male athlete protects against type 2 diabetes in later life." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 November 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131115203742.htm>.
Diabetologia. (2013, November 15). Being an elite male athlete protects against type 2 diabetes in later life. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131115203742.htm
Diabetologia. "Being an elite male athlete protects against type 2 diabetes in later life." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131115203742.htm (accessed July 30, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Generics Eat Into Pfizer's Sales

Generics Eat Into Pfizer's Sales

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 29, 2014) Pfizer, the world's largest drug maker, cut full-year revenue forecasts because generics could cut into sales of its anti-arthritis drug, Celebrex. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Nigeria Ups Ebola Stakes on 1st Death

Nigeria Ups Ebola Stakes on 1st Death

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 29, 2014) Nigerian authorities have shut and quarantined a Lagos hospital where a Liberian man died of the Ebola virus, the first recorded case of the highly-infectious disease in Africa's most populous economy. David Pollard reports Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Running 5 Minutes A Day Might Add Years To Your Life

Running 5 Minutes A Day Might Add Years To Your Life

Newsy (July 29, 2014) According to a new study, just five minutes of running or jogging a day could add years to your life. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Outbreak Poses Little Threat To U.S.: CDC

Ebola Outbreak Poses Little Threat To U.S.: CDC

Newsy (July 29, 2014) The Ebola outbreak in West Africa poses little threat to Americans, according to officials with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins