Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Common type of diabetes triples risk of an early menopause in women under 45

Date:
December 20, 2013
Source:
International Menopause Society
Summary:
Type 2 diabetes - the most common type of diabetes - triples the risk of an early menopause in women younger than 45 years of age, according to new research.

Type 2 diabetes -- the most common type of diabetes -- triples the risk of an early menopause in women younger than 45 years of age, according to new research published in the peer-reviewed journal Climacteric.

Diabetes is a huge and increasing international problem. The International Diabetes Federation estimates that 366m people had diabetes in 2011 -- more than the entire population of the USA. This figure is predicted to rise to 552m by 2030. 90% of those with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.

A group led by Dr Αlvaro Monterrosa-Castro, of the University of Cartagena, Colombia asked 6079 women aged between 40 and 59 years from 11 Latin American countries a series of questions related to menopause, depression, and diabetes. They then associated their responses with a series of variables such as weight, blood pressure, HRT use. Using a statistical programme developed by the Centre for Disease Control in the USA, they were able to pull out a series of correlations -- some expected, but some more surprising. The main finding was:

  • Menopause itself does not increase the risk of diabetes. But in contrast, women under 45 who have type 2 diabetes have almost three times (Odds Ratio, 2.76) the risk of an early menopause; the average age of menopause in women with diabetes was 48.5 years, as opposed to 50.1 years in non-diabetic women (there were no other significant differences between the groups). This means that 29.5% of diabetic women aged 40 to 44 had experienced the menopause.

Other findings of the research are:

  • Living at an altitude of more than 2500m is associated with a lower diabetes risk (26% )
  • Women with a BMI of ≥30 were 57% more likely to have diabetes
  • High blood pressure significantly increased the risk of Diabetes (87%)

In contrast to previous studies, this work found that Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) increased the risk of diabetes by 14%. Dr Monterrosa-Castro commented "This result is different to the majority of previous work which has shown that HRT reduces the risk for diabetes. However, it is possible that the differences may be explained by genetic differences or by the fact that nowadays women tend to use lower doses of estrogen than when most of the previous studies were carried out."

The study also found a mixed result for the association of alcohol with type 2 diabetes, with those women taking lower or moderate doses of alcohol having a reduced risk, whereas high alcohol intake was associated with a higher diabetes risk.

Dr Monterrosa-Castro said 'the study shows several things. Firstly, menopause itself does not increase the risk of diabetes, but conversely having type 2 diabetes triples the risk of an early menopause. Secondly, the associations between diabetes and menopause can be complex, which reinforces the message that women approaching the menopause need to be treated as individuals, and evaluated according to their own general health, background and risk factors. Diabetes is also associated with a generally poor quality of life, so we should encourage women to avoid risk factors for type 2 diabetes, such as being overweight or having high blood pressure."

Commenting, Climacteric editor Dr Nick Panay (London) said "premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) can impair health and life expectancy if poorly managed. This study reinforces the importance of early diagnosis to detect and treat associated conditions such as diabetes, thus optimizing short and long term wellbeing."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by International Menopause Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. A. Monterrosa-Castro, J. E. Bl ά Mel, K. Portela-Buelvas, E. Mezones-Holgu Ν N, G. Bar Σ N, A. Bencosme, Z. Ben Ν Tez,l. M. Bravo, A. Calle, P. Chedraui, D. Flores, M. T. Espinoza, G. G Σ Mez, J. A. Hern Α Ndez-Bueno, F. Laribezcoa,s. Lima, M. Martino, D. Mostajo, E. Ojeda, W. Onatra, H. S Α Nchez, D. Navarro, K. Tserotas, M. S. Vallejo, S. Witisand M. C. Zu Ρ Iga. Type II diabetes mellitus and menopause: a multinational study. Climacteric, 2013;16:1%u201310

Cite This Page:

International Menopause Society. "Common type of diabetes triples risk of an early menopause in women under 45." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 December 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131220200714.htm>.
International Menopause Society. (2013, December 20). Common type of diabetes triples risk of an early menopause in women under 45. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131220200714.htm
International Menopause Society. "Common type of diabetes triples risk of an early menopause in women under 45." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131220200714.htm (accessed July 23, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Courts Conflicted Over Healthcare Law

Courts Conflicted Over Healthcare Law

AP (July 22, 2014) — Two federal appeals courts issued conflicting rulings Tuesday on the legality of the federally-run healthcare exchange that operates in 36 states. (July 22) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Why Do People Believe We Only Use 10 Percent Of Our Brains?

Newsy (July 22, 2014) — The new sci-fi thriller "Lucy" is making people question whether we really use all our brainpower. But, as scientists have insisted for years, we do. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Scientists Find New Way To Make Human Platelets

Newsy (July 22, 2014) — Boston scientists have discovered a new way to create fully functioning human platelets using a bioreactor and human stem cells. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

Gilead's $1000-a-Pill Drug Could Cure Hep C in HIV-Positive People

TheStreet (July 21, 2014) — New research shows Gilead Science's drug Sovaldi helps in curing hepatitis C in those who suffer from HIV. In a medical study, the combination of Gilead's Hep C drug with anti-viral drug Ribavirin cured 76% of HIV-positive patients suffering from the most common hepatitis C strain. Hepatitis C and related complications have been a top cause of death in HIV-positive patients. Typical medication used to treat the disease, including interferon proteins, tended to react badly with HIV drugs. However, Sovaldi's %1,000-a-pill price tag could limit the number of patients able to access the treatment. TheStreet's Keris Lahiff reports from New York. Video provided by TheStreet
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins