Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Common type of diabetes triples risk of an early menopause in women under 45

Date:
December 20, 2013
Source:
International Menopause Society
Summary:
Type 2 diabetes - the most common type of diabetes - triples the risk of an early menopause in women younger than 45 years of age, according to new research.

Type 2 diabetes -- the most common type of diabetes -- triples the risk of an early menopause in women younger than 45 years of age, according to new research published in the peer-reviewed journal Climacteric.

Diabetes is a huge and increasing international problem. The International Diabetes Federation estimates that 366m people had diabetes in 2011 -- more than the entire population of the USA. This figure is predicted to rise to 552m by 2030. 90% of those with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.

A group led by Dr Αlvaro Monterrosa-Castro, of the University of Cartagena, Colombia asked 6079 women aged between 40 and 59 years from 11 Latin American countries a series of questions related to menopause, depression, and diabetes. They then associated their responses with a series of variables such as weight, blood pressure, HRT use. Using a statistical programme developed by the Centre for Disease Control in the USA, they were able to pull out a series of correlations -- some expected, but some more surprising. The main finding was:

  • Menopause itself does not increase the risk of diabetes. But in contrast, women under 45 who have type 2 diabetes have almost three times (Odds Ratio, 2.76) the risk of an early menopause; the average age of menopause in women with diabetes was 48.5 years, as opposed to 50.1 years in non-diabetic women (there were no other significant differences between the groups). This means that 29.5% of diabetic women aged 40 to 44 had experienced the menopause.

Other findings of the research are:

  • Living at an altitude of more than 2500m is associated with a lower diabetes risk (26% )
  • Women with a BMI of ≥30 were 57% more likely to have diabetes
  • High blood pressure significantly increased the risk of Diabetes (87%)

In contrast to previous studies, this work found that Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) increased the risk of diabetes by 14%. Dr Monterrosa-Castro commented "This result is different to the majority of previous work which has shown that HRT reduces the risk for diabetes. However, it is possible that the differences may be explained by genetic differences or by the fact that nowadays women tend to use lower doses of estrogen than when most of the previous studies were carried out."

The study also found a mixed result for the association of alcohol with type 2 diabetes, with those women taking lower or moderate doses of alcohol having a reduced risk, whereas high alcohol intake was associated with a higher diabetes risk.

Dr Monterrosa-Castro said 'the study shows several things. Firstly, menopause itself does not increase the risk of diabetes, but conversely having type 2 diabetes triples the risk of an early menopause. Secondly, the associations between diabetes and menopause can be complex, which reinforces the message that women approaching the menopause need to be treated as individuals, and evaluated according to their own general health, background and risk factors. Diabetes is also associated with a generally poor quality of life, so we should encourage women to avoid risk factors for type 2 diabetes, such as being overweight or having high blood pressure."

Commenting, Climacteric editor Dr Nick Panay (London) said "premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) can impair health and life expectancy if poorly managed. This study reinforces the importance of early diagnosis to detect and treat associated conditions such as diabetes, thus optimizing short and long term wellbeing."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by International Menopause Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. A. Monterrosa-Castro, J. E. Bl ά Mel, K. Portela-Buelvas, E. Mezones-Holgu Ν N, G. Bar Σ N, A. Bencosme, Z. Ben Ν Tez,l. M. Bravo, A. Calle, P. Chedraui, D. Flores, M. T. Espinoza, G. G Σ Mez, J. A. Hern Α Ndez-Bueno, F. Laribezcoa,s. Lima, M. Martino, D. Mostajo, E. Ojeda, W. Onatra, H. S Α Nchez, D. Navarro, K. Tserotas, M. S. Vallejo, S. Witisand M. C. Zu Ρ Iga. Type II diabetes mellitus and menopause: a multinational study. Climacteric, 2013;16:1%u201310

Cite This Page:

International Menopause Society. "Common type of diabetes triples risk of an early menopause in women under 45." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 December 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131220200714.htm>.
International Menopause Society. (2013, December 20). Common type of diabetes triples risk of an early menopause in women under 45. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131220200714.htm
International Menopause Society. "Common type of diabetes triples risk of an early menopause in women under 45." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131220200714.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, July 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 30, 2014) — Obamacare-related costs were said to be behind the profit plunge at Wellpoint and Humana, but Wellpoint sees the new exchanges boosting its earnings for the full year. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Concern Grows Over Worsening Ebola Crisis

Concern Grows Over Worsening Ebola Crisis

AFP (July 30, 2014) — Pan-African airline ASKY has suspended all flights to and from the capitals of Liberia and Sierra Leone amid the worsening Ebola health crisis, which has so far caused 672 deaths in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Duration: 00:43 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
At Least 20 Chikungunya Cases in New Jersey

At Least 20 Chikungunya Cases in New Jersey

AP (July 30, 2014) — At least 20 New Jersey residents have tested positive for chikungunya, a mosquito-borne virus that has spread through the Caribbean. (July 30) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Xtreme Eating: Your Daily Caloric Intake All On One Plate

Xtreme Eating: Your Daily Caloric Intake All On One Plate

Newsy (July 30, 2014) — The Center for Science in the Public Interest released its 2014 list of single meals with whopping calorie counts. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

    Environment News

    Technology News



    Save/Print:
    Share:  

    Free Subscriptions


    Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

    Get Social & Mobile


    Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

    Have Feedback?


    Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
    Mobile iPhone Android Web
    Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
    Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
    Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins