Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Common sense health for young adult cancer survivors

Date:
April 10, 2014
Source:
Springer
Summary:
Many factors influence the life expectancy of childhood cancer survivors: not getting enough exercise, being underweight, and being worried about their future health or their health insurance, according to a new study. The study found that, on average, childhood cancer survivors passed away before they were 40 years old.

Many factors influence the life expectancy of childhood cancer survivors: not getting enough exercise, being underweight, and being worried about their future health or their health insurance. These are the findings of research led by Cheryl Cox of the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in the US, published in Springer's Journal of Cancer Survivorship. The study found that, on average, childhood cancer survivors passed away before they were 40 years old.

Related Articles


Health-related behavior, self-perceived health status, and health concerns often influence mortality in the general population. However, the study led by Cox is the first to assess how these factors impact the longevity of adult survivors of childhood cancer, whose life expectancy can be reduced by as much as 28 percent because of the late effects of their cancer and treatment.

Cox's team found that malignant tumors, (42 percent), and heart (20 percent) and lung (7 percent) problems cause most deaths among childhood cancer survivors, who, on average, pass away at around 37.6 years of age. Data collected between 1970 and 1986 for the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study were analyzed. Because the group about whom information was gathered has now aged, the researchers could assess the factors (other than those of the initial diagnoses and treatment) that influenced life expectancy.

In all, the information of 445 participants who died from causes other than cancer or non-health-related events (such as accidents) were matched and compared with 7,162 surviving participants.

Many factors that increase the risk of dying in the general population were also found to be true for childhood cancer survivors. These include not having a life partner, not having gone far in high school, and living on an annual income of below $20,000. Black people were also at a higher risk.

In addition, early deaths were linked to being underweight and making frequent visits to physicians, especially during the last two years of life. Male survivors who participated in exercise three times a week generally live longer than those doing no physical activity.

Alcohol consumption increased life expectancy.

More uniquely, childhood cancer survivors' mortality risk saw a threefold increase due to other-related causes if they described their general health as being "poor" or "fair." It was also affected by being very worried about their future health and ability to obtain health insurance. Worry and anxiety can affect health, and ultimately mortality, indirectly through behavior such as smoking, poor nutrition and inactivity, and directly through changes in a person's immunity or endocrine and cardiovascular systems.

"Lifestyle behavior, self-reported health status, worries and concerns, and frequent use of medical care are associated with mortality in survivors of childhood cancer," concludes Cox. "These factors independently contributed to mortality in survivors who were, on average, less than 40 years of age."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Springer. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Cheryl L. Cox, Vikki G. Nolan, Wendy Leisenring, Yutaka Yasui, Susan W. Ogg, Ann C. Mertens, Joseph P. Neglia, Kirsten K. Ness, Gregory T. Armstrong, Les L. Robison. Noncancer-related mortality risks in adult survivors of pediatric malignancies: the childhood cancer survivor study. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 2014; DOI: 10.1007/s11764-014-0353-7

Cite This Page:

Springer. "Common sense health for young adult cancer survivors." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 April 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140410131504.htm>.
Springer. (2014, April 10). Common sense health for young adult cancer survivors. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 28, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140410131504.htm
Springer. "Common sense health for young adult cancer survivors." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140410131504.htm (accessed November 28, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, November 28, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Rural India's Low-Cost Sanitary Pad Revolution

Rural India's Low-Cost Sanitary Pad Revolution

AFP (Nov. 28, 2014) — One man hopes his invention -– a machine that produces cheap sanitary pads –- will help empower Indian women. Duration: 01:51 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Research on Bats Could Help Develop Drugs Against Ebola

Research on Bats Could Help Develop Drugs Against Ebola

AFP (Nov. 28, 2014) — In Africa's only biosafety level 4 laboratory, scientists have been carrying out experiments on bats to understand how virus like Ebola are being transmitted, and how some of them resist to it. Duration: 01:18 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
WHO Says Male Ebola Survivors Should Abstain From Sex

WHO Says Male Ebola Survivors Should Abstain From Sex

Newsy (Nov. 28, 2014) — WHO cites four studies that say Ebola can still be detected in semen up to 82 days after the onset of symptoms. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

AFP (Nov. 27, 2014) — The Ebola epidemic sweeping Sierra Leone is having a profound effect on the country's children, many of whom have been left without any family members to support them. Duration: 01:02 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins