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from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Obesity

Obesity is a condition in which the natural energy reserve, stored in the fatty tissue of humans and other mammals, is increased to a point where it is a risk factor for certain health conditions or increased mortality.

Obesity develops from the interaction of individual biology and the environment.

Excessive body weight has been shown to predispose to various diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus type 2, sleep apnea, and osteoarthritis.

Obesity is both an individual clinical condition and is increasingly viewed as a serious public health problem.

In the clinical setting, obesity is typically evaluated by measuring BMI (body mass index), waist circumference, and evaluating the presence of risk factors and comorbidities.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Obesity", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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May 24, 2015

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updated 12:56 pm ET