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Is this the 'holey' grail of batteries?

Date:
May 11, 2017
Source:
American Association for the Advancement of Science
Summary:
In a battery system, electrodes containing porous graphene scaffolding offer a substantial improvement in both the retention and transport of energy, a new study reveals.
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In a battery system, electrodes containing porous graphene scaffolding offer a substantial improvement in both the retention and transport of energy, a new study reveals.

Usually, techniques to improve the density of stored charge conflict with those that aim to improve the speed at which ions can move through a material.

Nanostructured materials have shown extraordinary promise for electrochemical energy storage, but these materials are usually limited to laboratory cells with ultrathin electrodes and very low mass loadings.

Hongtao Sun et al. overcome this obstacle by incorporating holey graphene into a niobium pentoxide electrode.

The nanopores facilitate rapid ion transport. By "fine-tuning" the size of the nanopores, the researchers were able to achieve high mass loading and improved power capability, while still maintaining the higher charge transport.

In a related Perspective, Hui-Ming Cheng and Feng Li write, "An unprecedented combination of high areal capacity and current density at practical mass loadings (10 to 20 mg cm-2) marks a critical step toward the use of high-performance electrode materials in commercial cells."


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Materials provided by American Association for the Advancement of Science. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Hongtao Sun, Lin Mei, Junfei Liang, Zipeng Zhao, Chain Lee, Huilong Fei, Mengning Ding, Jonathan Lau, Mufan Li, Chen Wang, Xu Xu, Guolin Hao, Benjamin Papandrea, Imran Shakir, Bruce Dunn, Yu Huang, Xiangfeng Duan. Three-dimensional holey-graphene/niobia composite architectures for ultrahigh-rate energy storage. Science, 2017; 356 (6338): 599 DOI: 10.1126/science.aam5852

Cite This Page:

American Association for the Advancement of Science. "Is this the 'holey' grail of batteries?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 May 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170511142002.htm>.
American Association for the Advancement of Science. (2017, May 11). Is this the 'holey' grail of batteries?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 26, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170511142002.htm
American Association for the Advancement of Science. "Is this the 'holey' grail of batteries?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170511142002.htm (accessed May 26, 2017).

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