Materials Science News
May 24, 2017

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May 24, 2017

Magnetic Order in a Two-Dimensional Molecular Chessboard

May 22, 2017 — Achieving magnetic order in low-dimensional systems consisting of only one or two dimensions has been a research goal for some time. Researchers now show that magnetic order can be created in a ... read more

A Fresh Math Perspective Opens New Possibilities for Computational Chemistry

May 19, 2017 — A new mathematical “shortcut” is speeding up molecular absorption calculations by a factor of five, so simulations that used to take 10 to 15 hours to compute can now be done in approximately 2.5 ... read more

May 19, 2017 — A new process triples the fraction of biomass converted to high-value products to nearly 80 percent, also tripling the expected rate of return for an investment in the technology from roughly 10 ... read more

May 19, 2017 — A coating of lithium oxide on the inside of fusion machines known as tokamaks absorbs as much deuterium as pure lithium does, a team of physicists has ... read more

May 19, 2017 — Researchers have created self-assembling molecules which can be broken down by ultraviolet light to recombine into novel macroscopic ... read more

May 18, 2017 — Scientists have built high-capacity lithium metal batteries with anodes made of a graphene-carbon nanotube hybrid. The anodes quench the formation of damaging ... read more

May 18, 2017 — Using neutron crystallography, research team has mapped the three-dimensional structure of a protein that breaks down polysaccharides, such as the fibrous cellulose of grasses and woody plants, a ... read more

May 18, 2017 — Membranes comprised mostly of water, that self-assemble in water have now been developed by scientists. They can filter out particles based on size, and can be easily disassembled, report ... read more

May 18, 2017 — A small, thin square of an organic plastic that can detect disease markers in breath or toxins in a building's air could soon be the basis of portable, disposable sensor devices. Scientists have ... read more

Deconstructing Osmosis Provides Insight for Medical and Industrial Use

May 18, 2017 — New research into osmosis-driven behavior now provides a more granular theoretical understanding of the deterministic mechanisms, report scientists in two new papers. The first paper deconstructs the ... read more

May 18, 2017 — Engineers have known for some time that calcium chloride salt, commonly used as deicer, reacts with the calcium hydroxide in concrete to form a chemical byproduct that causes roadways to crumble. A ... read more

Molecular Lego for Nanoelectronics

May 18, 2017 — The ability to assemble electronic building blocks consisting of individual molecules is an important objective in nanotechnology. An interdisciplinary research group is now significantly closer to ... read more

Nanophysics: Saving Energy With a Spot of Silver

May 18, 2017 — Tomorrow’s computers will run on light, and gold nanoparticle chains show much promise as light conductors. Now scientists have demonstrated how tiny spots of silver could markedly reduce energy ... read more

May 18, 2017 — Hydrogen is an alternative source of energy that can be produced from renewable sources of sunlight and water. A group of researchers has developed a photocatalyst that increases hydrogen production ... read more

Using Graphene to Create Quantum Bits

May 18, 2017 — In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their ... read more

May 18, 2017 — Researchers have developed a novel way to determine crystal type based on optics -- by identifying the unique ways in which these crystals absorb ... read more

Not All Cool Pavements Are Created Equal

May 18, 2017 — Cool pavements can help keep cities cool, right? Yes, but according to new research many reflective pavements have some unexpected drawbacks relative to conventional pavements when considering the ... read more

May 17, 2017 — Quantum field theories are often hard to verify in experiments. Now, there is a new way of putting them to the test. Scientists have created a quantum system consisting of thousands of ultra cold ... read more

Development of Ultra-High Capacity Lithium-Air Batteries Using CNT Sheet Air Electrodes

May 17, 2017 — A research team has developed lithium-air batteries with very high electric storage capacity15 times greater than the capacity of conventional lithium-ion batteries using carbon nanotubes (CNT) as an ... read more

Better Cathode Materials for Lithium-Sulphur-Batteries

May 17, 2017 — Scientists have for the first time fabricated a nanomaterial made from nanoparticles of a titanium oxide compound (Ti4O7) that is characterized by an extremely large surface area, and tested it as a ... read more

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