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Drosophila melanogaster

Drosophila melanogaster, a dipteran (two-winged) insect, is the species of fruit fly that is commonly used in genetic experiments; it is among the most important model organisms.

In modern biological literature, it is often simply called Drosophila or (common) fruit fly.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Drosophila melanogaster", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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